Trinidad and Tobago

NDC Facts


30% Unconditional Emission Reduction in the Public Transport Sector; an additional 15% Emission Reduction below Business as Usual (BAU) by 2030 in Power Generation, Transport and Industry Sector, depending on international support


Energy, Transportation, Industry






22 February 2018



Project information


USD 481,500


Q3 2017


Q3 2019


Financing Strategy, Monitoring and Transparency






Ministry of Planning and Development, Multilateral Environment Agreements Unit



Development facts

Context and Objectives

As a Small Island Developing State, Trinidad and Tobago contributes less than 1% of absolute GHG emissions annually. Yet, the country committed to unconditionally reduce its emissions in the public transportation sector by 30% by 2030, relative to the levels in 2013. In addition, Trinidad and Tobago has committed to reduce cumulative emissions by 15% by 2030 from BAU in three key sectors; energy, transport and industrial processes. Trinidad and Tobago will be working towards greater energy efficiency and optimized energy mix that includes a greater share of renewables. Part of the objective, besides reducing emissions, is to advance sustainable development, and decouple emissions and economic growth.

Trinidad and Tobago is the first country to have formulated its NDC Implementation Plan, thus, demonstrating the country’s commitment to the Paris Agreement and low carbon development. Despite the momentum, Trinidad and Tobago has identified a list of potential NDC barriers. These include: (i) limited access to possible financing sources; (ii) inadequate availability and management of climate change-related data; (iii) lack of a clear institutional structure for emissions tracking; and (iv) lack of internationally accepted standardized formats and methodologies to inform decision-making based on climate change data and information. The NDC Support Programme will assist the government on addressing these barriers to enable Trinidad and Tobago to achieve full realization of their NDC.

Work areas

Financing Strategy

  • Determine priority actions for NDC implementation and weigh financial approaches including carbon tax, carbon pricing, tax breaks, rebates etc.
  • Assess public and private climate investment options, and feasibility of foreign direct investment; and assess the feasibility of public private partnerships for NDC implementation, particularly in the industry sector.

Monitoring and Transparency

  • Advance implementation of a National Climate Mitigation MRV System to track NDC progress.
  • Develop a MRV System implementation plan, including legislative framework and definition of institutional roles and responsibilities for implementing the MRV System.
  • Establish a Knowledge Management System (KMS), which will form the central repository for GHG emission sources and mitigation efforts. The early implementation of the KMS as the backbone of the National MRV System will allow the Government to track progress and revise the NDC as necessary.

Building blocks

Trinidad & Tobago has created sound national policy and legislative frameworks to support NDC Implementation. These policy and legislative frameworks are:

  • A National Climate Change Policy (2011) which provides policy guidance on a low carbon economy transition.
  • A Carbon Reduction Strategy (2015) which offers a roadmap for national GHG reduction measures.
Important groundwork through the UNDP Low Emission Capacity Building (LECB) Programme include:
  • Formulation of an NDC Roadmap or Implementation Plan, which includes a strategy for determining NDC financing options. Components of this strategy will be carried out as activities in the NDC Support Programme to improve Trinidad and Tobago’s climate finance readiness for NDC mitigation actions.
  • Design of the National MRV System, which will serve as the foundation for the development of a MRV System Implementation Plan, establishing the legal underpinning / legislative framework to support the MRV system, and the design, installation, testing, and launch of the KMS.
  • Development of four mitigation actions (NAMAs) for the three highest emitting sectors outlined in the NDC: energy (power production), transport and industrial processes.  Based on the 2015 Carbon Reduction Strategy, the NAMAs may serve as tools for NDC implementation.


Partner initiatives

The Programme links closely with complementary projects related to NDC, climate action, and sustainable development. This includes the CARICOM Climate Change Centre - Climate Change Adaptation Programme; the Initiative for Climate Action Transparency (ICAT); Small Island Developing States Dock (SIDSDOCK); Inter-American Development Bank adaptation projects; and Third National Communication (TNC) and First Biennial Update Report (BUR) projects in keeping with obligations under the UNFCCC.

At the global level, the Programme is engaged in a range of strategic partnerships including the NDC Partnership and the IKI NDC Support Cluster.


Related information


Trinidad and Tobago conducted a Gender Analysis of the policy and institutional framework for mainstreaming gender in the NDC.

Posted on October 10, 2019


The objective of the media sensitization was to enhance the capabilities of journalists in reporting on climate change issues, initiatives and impacts through a fundamental understanding of the underlying issues associated with the phenomena, including its wide-ranging implications for society and what is being done to address it globally and particularly in Trinidad and Tobago.

Posted on October 10, 2019


The role of LECB was to serve mainly to complement and supplement the outputs and results from established initiatives. The LECB project focused on the main carbon emitting sources, the power generation, transportation and industry sectors. LECB to also focus on these sectors.

Posted on July 30, 2019

Maracas bay lookout

Trinidad and Tobago will advance implementation of its climate targets, as outlined in the NDC, through select activities such as development of a financing strategy, and enhancing monitoring and transparency.

Posted on May 10, 2018