NDC Facts


37.5% > 45.8% Emission Reduction below Business as Usual (BAU) by 2025 in the Energy Sector, depending on international support

500.000 ha Forestry Restoration by 2017; additional 100.000 ha by 2025.


Energy, Transport, Waste, AFOLU


Agriculture, Energy, Environment, LULUCF/Forestry, Water


In progress


No (will submit a new NDC with enhanced ambition)



Project information


USD 802,500


Q1 2017


Q4 2019


NDC Roadmap, Transparency System, NDC Climate Finance Tracking, Energy MRV & Bio-energy LEDS




No (in progress)


Ministry of Environment



Development facts

Context and Objectives

Ecuador has adopted a variety of mitigation and adaptation policies to support a national development model based on Good Living (Buen Vivir) or “Sumak Kawsay”. This model contextualizes climate change as a multi-dimensional problem and commits the country to defend the right of its population to live in a healthy environment, respecting the rights of nature. Energy and AFOLU are the highest emitting sectors.

Ecuador’s INDC focuses on mitigation primarily in the energy sector through energy efficiency measures. This includes implementation of the efficient cook stove NAMA, electricity production from gas flaring for the Petroamazonas NAMA, and hydroelectricity NAMA, which were developed under LECB. Ecuador will also increase carbon sequestration through reforestation.

The NDC Support Programme will help advance national climate ambitions by providing support to develop a detailed NDC implementation roadmap (in close cooperation with FAO on AFOLU strategy); developing additional nationally appropriate mitigation actions (NAMAs); refining existing NDC finance tracking tools; and enhancing the processes to ensure transparency of climate actions. Working in close cooperation with UN Women, Ecuador will also look at advancing gender awareness and equality through gender-responsive NDC planning and implementation.

Work areas

NDC Roadmap

  • Based on Sectoral Low Emission Development Strategy (LEDS).
  • Create an NDC roadmap and assess financial and capacity needs. Institutionalize a mechanism for updating NDCs.
  • Define a methodology for developing sectoral LEDS, based on experience gained under the UNDP Low Emission Capacity Building (LECB) programme.
  • Establish close collaboration with FAO for AFOLU sector.

Transparency System with Focus on Energy Sector

  • Analyze core components required for a National Monitoring, Evaluation and Verification (MRV) platform.
  • Define institutional arrangements for the implementation of the MRV system.
  • Establish a digital platform for an Energy MRV system based on the Efficient Cook Stove NAMA, which advances a nation-wide adoption of electric cook stoves.
  • Develop an MRV procedure manual updating or including new activities.

Sectoral Low Emission Development Strategies (LEDS)

  • Develop concept for bio-energy (pellets) LEDS and for additional finance from the Green Climate Fund (GCF).

Align National Climate Budgeting with the NDC

  • Link NDC financing to national budget, based on results from the 2017 Climate Budgeting Tracking exercise (CPEIR) to create a source for climate finance.
  • Generate MRV reporting models for NDC financing.
Gender-Responsive Planning
  • Gender mainstreaming on NDC implementation roadmap and strategies.

Building blocks

Through the UNDP Low Emission Capacity Building (LECB) Programme, Ecuador developed a number of instruments that will support NDC implementation. These include:  


  • Enhanced public sector capacity for measuring and mitigating greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions.
  • Updated National GHG Inventory and GHG emission baselines in 4 key sectors – energy, industrial processes, waste, and land use & land use change.
  • Established MRV systems in the 3 priority sectors agriculture, energy and waste, according to the National Plan for Climate Change Mitigation.
  • Launched a digital MRV platform to track emissions reductions and development benefits from the clean cook stove NAMA.

Mitigation Actions & INDC

  • Developed three NAMAs in the energy sector that were included in the INDC and are currently under implementation.
Climate Finance
  • Laid groundwork for NDC financing by assessing public and private climate expenditures through the Private Climate Expenditure and Institutional Review (PCEIR) and the Climate Public Expenditure and Institutional Review (CPEIR).

Partner initiatives

The Programme links closely with complementary projects to strengthen outputs and ensure comprehensive responses to government needs. In the case of Ecuador, this includes collaboration with FAO and UN Women.

At the global level, the Programme is engaged in a range of strategic partnerships including the IKI NDC Support Cluster, and actively promotes the inclusion of Ecuador to the NDC Partnership.

Related information


Under LECB support, the Capacity Building for Climate Change Mitigation in Ecuador was created to address technical and institutional capacities needed to implement the National Climate Change Strategy.

Posted on July 30, 2019


Reducing methane emissions from gas flaring with power generation facilities that generate electricity from associated gas.

Posted on September 9, 2018


Mobilizing finance for the implementation of national climate plans (NDCs) remains one of the most challenging issues as countries grabble with turning their intentions into actions. Getting a grasp on the domestic financial landscape and expenditures related to climate action is thereby a critical step in order to clarify the national base scenario and engage critical players (like finance or planning ministries). Thanks to some existing climate finance assessment tools, however, some countries…

Posted on November 2, 2017