Costa Rica

NDC Facts


44% Emission Reduction against Business as Usual (BAU) by 2030; 100% Renewable Energy Mix by 2030


Energy, Energy Efficiency, Agriculture, Transport, Forestry.


Agriculture, Coastal Zone, Disaster Risk Management, Environment, Health, Social Development, Water


In Progress


13 October 2016



Project information


USD 374,500


Q1 2017


Q4 2019


Sectoral Plans for Livestock and AFOLU, Energy and Transport, Sectoral MRV Systems, Financing Strategy






Ministry of Environment



Development facts

Context and Objectives

Costa Rica aspires to become a carbon neutral economy starting year 2021. This goal will be achieved through early, pre-2020 action, and a commitment to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions by 44% against business as usual (BAU) by 2030. Key to meeting this target are Costa Rica’s actions in the energy and agriculture (and livestock) sectors, which are the major emitting sectors, besides waste. The Agriculture, Forestry, and Other Land Use (AFOLU) sector is included in Costa Rica’s national goal for their NDC.

As outlined in the VII National Energy Plan and NDC, Costa Rica aims to achieve a 100% renewable energy mix by 2030 and improve energy efficiency for residential and industrial consumption. Emissions from the transport sector, which are rapidly growing, will be reduced by a transition to electric public and private transport. This requires a concerted effort by the energy and transport sector.

Under the NDC Support Programme, Costa Rica will integrate the implementation framework for the Livestock sector with AFOLU; advance sectoral plans for energy and transport; consolidate national Greenhouse gas (GHG) metrics into robust Monitoring, Reporting and Verification (MRV) systems for key NDC sectors, in particular for the Livestock and AFOLU sectors, and create a roadmap for climate finance tracking.

Work areas

Sectoral MRV Systems

  • Strengthen capacity for Transparency Framework in the AFOLU sector, building on the progress for sub-sectorial MRVs (coffee, livestock, REDD+) achieved under LECB and highlighted in the NDC;
  • Develop a comprehensive sectoral MRV system to consolidate all GHG measurements and track progress towards NDC targets;
  • Strengthen a digital MRV platform for the Development of a National Metrics System for Climate Change (SINAMECC) and establish precise data acquisition procedures.

Sectoral Planning for Key NDC Sectors

  • AFOLU - strengthen the articulation of the livestock sector within the broader AFOLU framework and facilitate an inter-institutional AFOLU exchange network for the NDC implementation process;
  • Energy - Foster an inter-institutional agreement and develop an implementation plan to reduce emissions in the energy sector as a critical basis for achieving NDC targets. This includes preparation and review of strategies, policies, etc. to support decision-making the energy sector framework;
  • Transport -  Advance provisions for hybrid e-vehicles and develop an inter-sectoral transport & energy plan to design a support mechanism for vulnerable social groups during the transport transition.

Financing Strategy

  • Establish a climate finance tracking roadmap, including an implementation mechanism based on institutional capacities and responsibilities;
  • Pilot a domestic climate budgeting assessment - Climate Change Public Investment tracking (CPEIR) - to guide and ensure climate change expenditures are incorporated in sectoral programming.


Building blocks

Costa Rica has established a number of policies and strategies which support its emissions targets, including the 2006 National Climate Change Strategy (ENCC), VII National Energy Plan 2015-2030, and National Low Carbon Livestock Strategy. Important foundations for NDC implementation developed through the UNDP Low Emission Capacity Building (LECB) Programme include:

  • Increased multi-stakeholder and inter-sectoral dialogue between the Ministry of Agriculture and Livestock (MAG), the Ministry of Environment and Energy (MINAE), the National Agricultural Technology Institute (INTA), the National Meteorology Institute, and the Livestock Corporation (CORFOGA) from the private sector. A coordination group was created that allowed for fluent communication between the private and public sector around the livestock NAMA;
  • Improved governance in the Livestock sector, supported by a presidential decree for low-carbon development in the livestock sector, Costa Rica developed a livestock NAMA under the LECB project;
  • Achieved the approval of the National Strategy for Low-Carbon Livestock. Currently facilitates meetings of the “livestock table”.
  • Technical work carried out to promote increased use of public transport resulted in the formulation of the Sustainable Urban Mobility Plan (PIMUS), which is currently supported by the Inter-American Development Bank (IADB) and a study to promote efficient vehicles for private transportation.
  • Facilitated the development of the VII National Energy Plan (2015-2030), which defines energy efficiency and distributed generation as priorities to achieve a 100% renewable energy mix by 2030.

Partner initiatives

The Programme links closely with complementary projects to strengthen outputs and ensure comprehensive responses to government needs with the Inter-American Development Bank (IADB), the World Bank, UNEP and GIZ.

At the global level, the Programme is engaged in a range of strategic partnerships including the IKI NDC Support Cluster and the NDC Partnership.

Related information


LECB project supported the development of emission factors at the country level, the formulation of the livestock NAMA, MRV systems and transport and energy sectors.

Posted on July 30, 2019


Just days before being selected as the host for the next UN climate talks (COP25), Chile introduced policy makers to its successful carbon footprint platform (“HuellaChile”) and, together with Peru and Costa Rica, set the stage for a new regional alliance on voluntary emission reporting and offset.

Posted on January 14, 2019

Mountain meadows

Costa Rica will advance implementation of its climate targets, as outlined in the NDC, such as development of sectoral plans for livestock and AFOLU, energy and transport, creating sectoral MRV systems, and developing a financing strategy.

Posted on May 10, 2018

JUL 2016 | Regional Dialogue on NDCs for Latin America in Costa Rica

Posted on January 1, 2017


This Regional Dialogue on I/NDCs, held in San Jose, Costa Rica, was organised by UNDP, the UNFCCC Secretariat, the International Partnership for Mitigation & MRV, and the Partnership for Market Readiness (World Bank Group). The Dialogue brought together government representatives from the Latin America & Caribbean region, developed country representatives, and international organizations/experts involved in the (I)NDC process.

Posted on July 19, 2016