NDC Facts


20% > 30% Emission Reduction below Business As Usual by 2030, depending on international support


Economy-wide Target


Agriculture, Education, Energy, Environment, Health, Tourism, Transport, Urban, Water


In Progress (Sectoral)


Not Yet



Project information


USD 802,500


Q1 2018


Q4 2019


Political & Institutional Frameworks, NDC Implementation Plan, Long-term Strategy, Private Sector






Ministry of Environment and Sustainable Development



Development facts

Context and Objectives

Colombia is committed to reducing its greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and transitioning to a low-carbon economy. The country aims to achieve carbon neutrality in the second half of the century, taking into account a just transition of the labor force and gender equality. Colombia is also in a post-conflict period, which will open up new opportunities for low-carbon development. In 2015, Colombia submitted an economy-wide intended NDC, pledging to unconditionally reduce its GHG emissions by 20% from business as usual by 2030 (to be increased to 30% from BAU by 2030, conditional upon international support).

The NDC Support Programme will build on previous work under UNDP LECB, including support for Colombia’s Low-Carbon Development Strategy, to assist the country in achieving its NDC. The program works to translate sectoral mitigation action plans into implementation plans (including mitigation actions prioritized by ministries); strengthen the country’s institutional capacities and define sectoral responsibilities; develop enabling measures; engage the private sector; and incorporate gender considerations into climate change management.

Work areas

Institutional Capacity and Enabling Environment

  • Develop enabling policy/regulatory measures and strengthen institutional capacities to facilitate progress in meeting the goals of Colombia’s NDC.
  • Facilitate the systematic incorporation of a cross-cutting gender approach, mainly through the National System of Climate Change and the National Climate Change Policy.

Implementation Plans for NDC Mitigation Component

  • Support the formulation and approval of gender-responsive, sectoral mitigation implementation plans by five ministries to achieve Colombia’s NDC mitigation target for 2030. This will be done in the context of the Inter-ministerial Committee on Climate Change, building on the Sectoral Mitigation Action Plans and promoting the adoption of NAMAs from the Low Carbon Development Strategy portfolio.

Long-term Climate Strategy – “2050 Strategy”

  • Develop a roadmap for the construction and approval of a gender-responsive 2050 Strategy for climate change management.
  • Prepare technical studies that analyze changes in technology, behavior and implementation of public policies to achieve the carbon neutrality by 2050.

Private Sector Engagement

  • Facilitate commitments from the private sector (unions and companies) to mitigate GHG emissions, monitored through a voluntary corporate reporting platform and linked to the national registry of emission reduction (RENARE).

Building blocks

Colombia has strong institutional and regulatory frameworks in place that will contribute to successfully meeting Colombia’s NDC goals. These include: the 2014-2018 National Development Plan, a National Climate Change Policy (2017), the National Climate Change System (SISCLIMA), the National Climate Change Adaptation Plan, structural tax reform (carbon tax), an upcoming climate change law, and the Inter-Ministerial Committee on Climate Change.

With support from the UNDP LECB Programme, Colombia also developed a strong foundation for NDC implementation in the context of the country’s Low Carbon Development Strategy and mainstreaming of the climate change agenda. Building blocks of this foundation include:

  • Strengthened capacities of government ministries and improved inter-institutional coordination on climate change, including sectoral responsibilities for NDC implementation.
  • The design and approval of eight Sectoral Mitigation Action Plans for Transportation, Energy, Hydrocarbons, Mining, Industry, Agriculture, Housing and Waste.
  • The development of a portfolio of 6 NAMAs for Coffee, Livestock, Panela, Logistics Industry, Non-interconnected Z ones (ZNI) and Energy Efficiency in Hotels.
  • The creation of a Monitoring, Reporting, and Verification (MRV) system.
  • The development of departmental portfolios of mitigation measures.

Partner initiatives

The Programme links closely with other UN initiatives such as the Capacity-Building Initiative for Transparency (CBIT), UN-REDD, National Communications/Biennial Update Reports, and National Adaptation Plan support, as well as links to key projects implemented by GIZ (NDC accounting, Information Matters, and NDC implementation support) and the World Resources Institute (WRI) (Measurement and Performance Tracking). Colombia is a member of the NDC Partnership. At the global level, the Programme is engaged in a range of strategic partnerships including the IKI NDC Support Cluster. Colombia is a member of the NDC Partnership.

Related information


Colombia approved an agreement on the action plan for the Intersectoral Climate Change Commission (CICC) for 2019-2020 and establishing the Guide for Formulating and Implementing Comprehensive Sectoral Climate Change Management Plans (PIGCCS).

Posted on August 14, 2019


LECB aimed to respond to the needs of the Colombian Low Carbon Development Strategy and contribute to its implementation by supporting the design and implementation of low carbon development plans, policies and measures, the MRV system and capacity building.

Posted on July 30, 2019


The webinar will highlight country experiences and lessons learned in strengthening governance frameworks for NDC implementation and tracking. It will focus in particular on how these frameworks are integrating sub-national governments and actors and how countries have overcome specific challenges.

Posted on January 15, 2019

Coffee farm in Manizales, Colombia

Colombia will advance implementation of its climate targets, as outlined in the NDC, through select activities including strengthening of political and institutional frameworks, development of an NDC implementation plan and long-term strategy, and engagement of the private sector.

Posted on May 10, 2018

Bogota skyline

A Regional Dialogue on Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDCs) convened country representatives from the region, developed countries, multilateral and bilateral agencies, regional organizations, and resource experts.

Posted on April 28, 2014