Chile

NDC Facts

TARGET

30% > 35-45% Reduction in CO2 Emissions per GDP by 2030, depending on international support

MITIGATION SECTORS

Energy (Generation, Transport, Industry, Mining, Housing), Industrial processes, Agriculture, LULUCF, Waste

ADAPTATION SECTORS

Agriculture, Environment, LULUCF/Forestry

NDC IMPLEMENTATION PLAN

In Preparation along with a Long-term Strategy

PARIS AGREEMENT RATIFICATION

10 February 2017

SDG LINKAGES

 

Project information

PROJECT FUNDS

USD 802,500

START DATE

Q3 2017

END DATE

Q2 2020

FOCUS AREAS

NDC – Development Alignment, Gender-mainstreaming, Sectoral Planning, Private Sector

GENDER WORKSTREAM

Yes

NDC PARTNERSHIP MEMBER

Yes

GOVERNMENT PARTNER

Ministry of Environment

FACT SHEET

Download

Development facts


Context and Objectives

Chile is committed to reducing its CO2 emissions per GDP unit by 30-45% below their 2007 levels by 2030. In addition, Chile has committed to the sustainable development and recovery of 100,000 hectares of forest land, mainly native, which will reduce carbon emissions by an annual equivalent of around 600,000 of CO2 as of 2030.

Chile has already made great efforts in the fight against climate change. Among these efforts is Law 20/25, which promotes the diversification of Chile’s energy mix through the roll-out of non-conventional renewable energy. A new, more ambitious target has been set to generate 20 percent of the country’s energy, and 45 percent of all electric generation capacity from renewable sources by 2025. Chile has also become a pioneer in the use of fiscal reforms to promote the mitigation of greenhouse gases. A tax reform in 2014 charged fixed sources of electricity generation above 50MW with a rate of 5 USD per ton of CO2 as a disincentive. Additionally, a tax has been created to promote fuel-efficient cars.

Chile plans to meet its emission targets while simultaneously decreasing poverty and inequality through sustainable, competitive, inclusive, low-carbon development. To achieve these goals the design of the energy agenda will include active participation of all sectors of society, including private and civil society. To face these challenges, the country understands the need to use its national capacities and international partnerships to eliminate the direct relationship between economic growth and growth of GHG emissions.

Work areas

NDC - Development Alignment

  • Review sectoral compliance of the voluntary pre-2020 commitment and the NDC.
  • Define concrete actions to increase resilience within the framework of the National Adaptation Plan, plan sources of financing, institutional strengthening, metrics and MRV mechanisms.
  • Evaluate fit of the National Financial Strategy, the National Action Plan for Climate Change 2017-2022, and the Low Carbon Development Strategy with the goal to ensure compliance with the NDC.

Gender-mainstreaming

  • Assess opportunities for the incorporation of a gender approach in the implementation of NDC commitments including mitigation and adaptation actions and associated policies.
  • Embed gender validation processes into the national capacity building effort for all technical teams that work on climate change issues.

Sectoral Planning

  • Develop sectoral mitigation scenarios linked to the NDC for public policy planning. This requires increased capacities to develop GHG emissions projections for better monitoring of NDC commitments.
  • Create a projection for NDC compliance, based on the proposed carbon intensity goal, establishing reference levels for monitoring progress (excluding the LULUCF sector).
  • Develop sectoral strategy to increase the participation and compliance of the private sector on mitigation actions. The actions will be based on the experience and existing tools from the HuellaChile Program, for carbon footprint measurement and neutralization.

Building blocks

Through the Low Emission Capacity Building Programme, Chile built the following foundations:

  • Development of Chile's National GHG Inventory System SNICHILE - www.snichile.cl. It has a decentralized organizational structure, where the national inventory of GHGs is the result of collective and permanent effort.
  • Built Voluntary Carbon Management Program “Huella Chile” (www.huellachile.cl). Based on the ISO 14064 standard, it is as a tool for calculating GHG emissions and provides the public and private sector with all required technical resources to calculate their emissions.
  • Designed MRV system for specific NAMAs and, in collaboration with the Prosperity Fund project (British Embassy), developed a National MRV Framework for NAMAs (2015). In partnership with GIZ’s “Information Matters” initiative, trained professionals in public institutions to create MRV capacities.
  • Formulated a National Low Emissions Development Strategy (LEDS) based on the National Action Plan on Climate Change 2017-2022, as a guiding instrument for public policy on climate change. The strategy provided the basis for the definition of the I/NDC.
  • Identified options for the design of a national climate change financial strategy and overcoming barriers to financing mitigation actions. The project was supported by the British Embassy of Santiago.
  • Conducted analysis of public and private financial flows for climate change activities through the application of the UNDP, CPEIR and PCEIR methodologies, respectively.

Partner initiatives

The Programme links closely with complementary projects to strengthen outputs and ensure comprehensive responses to government needs with:

The British Government, the Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC), and the international cooperation service GIZ

At the global level, the Programme is engaged in a range of strategic partnerships including the, the IKI NDC Support Cluster and the NDC Partnership.


Related information

undp-ndcsp-LECB-Programme-Impact-and-Results-Chile

The Low Emission Capacity Building (LECB) project began design and scoping in Chile in 2011 and moved to full implementation in 2012.

Posted on July 30, 2019

undp-ndcsp-huella-chile-video-2018

Just days before being selected as the host for the next UN climate talks (COP25), Chile introduced policy makers to its successful carbon footprint platform (“HuellaChile”) and, together with Peru and Costa Rica, set the stage for a new regional alliance on voluntary emission reporting and offset.

Posted on January 14, 2019

Panorama Santiago de Chile

Chile is carrying out a first update of its Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) under the Paris Agreement, with completion scheduled for 2020. Chile’s update comes as a result of the progress made in international climate negotiations and its own national climate agenda, which bring a number of challenges.

Posted on December 4, 2018

Guanako geniesst Aussicht auf das Torres del Paine Massiv

Chile will advance implementation of its climate targets, as outlined in the NDC, with a focus on the alignment of the NDC with development priorities, gender-mainstreaming, sectoral planning, and private sector engagement.

Posted on May 10, 2018

Panorama Santiago de Chile

The Chilean government announced in mid-September that it will issue official recognition for all public and private institutions who registered on its new Carbon Footprint Platform “HuellaChile”.

Posted on September 28, 2017