37% Emission Reduction by 2025 and 43% by 2030 (based on 2005 levels)
Agriculture, Coastal Zone, Cross-Cutting Area, Disaster Risk Management, Education, Energy, Environment, Health, LULUCF, Social Development, Tourism, Transport, Urban Water
NDC IMPLEMENTATION PLAN
PARIS AGREEMENT RATIFICATION
21 September 2016
NDC Implementation Plan for Energy, Agriculture, Forestry; Alignment of SDG with NDC Targets
NDC PARTNERSHIP MEMBER
Secretariat of Climate Change and Forests, Ministry of Environment (MMA)
Context and Objectives
Long considered the “lungs” of the planet for housing over a third of the world’s tropical forests, Brazil’s commitment to the Paris Agreement is crucial to its success. Under its Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC), Brazil took the ambitious commitment to reduce its greenhouse gas emissions by 37% before 2025, by (1) increasing the share of sustainable biofuels in its energy mix to around 18%; (2) making renewables 45% of their energy source 2030; (3) restoring and reforesting 12 million hectares of forests; and (4) restoring 15 million of hectares of degraded pasturelands and enhancing 5 million hectares of integrated cropland-livestock-forestry systems.
Although Brazil has assumed ambitious targets, the implementation of its NDC has assumed a challenging situation. In the last two years, Brazil has experienced the deepest recession in a century, which was aggravated by difficult political conditions and affects Brazil’s implementation process of its climate goals.
In order to coordinate the intended actions, the country is undertaking several studies in the energy, agriculture and forestry sectors that will in turn be used to develop a NDC implementation strategy for these sectors. The NDC Support Programme will enable the Ministry of Environment to coordinate the different specialists and partner institutions involved in the studies and to consolidate the studies’ results into an implementation strategy and integrated financing solutions. In parallel, the programme will also support the alignment of Brazil’s Agenda 2030 for the Sustainable Development Goals with the NDC targets.
NDC Implementation Strategy
- Identify the various development benefits, risks and financing models for each of the prioritized NDC actions and measures for the key sectors of forestry, energy and agriculture;
- Enhance technical coordination among specialists and partner institutions to arrive at an integrated approach to the Strategy;
· Develop a consolidated document with integrated solutions for financing and strategic actions, including associated benefits and risks for forest recovery, energy and agriculture.
Aligning Brazil's 2030 Agenda with the NDC
- Members of the Ministry of Environment team, who are in charge of the NDC Implementation Strategy, are also part of the consultative group discussing the adaption of Agenda 2030 targets to the Brazilian context;
- The team will identify common initiatives and mechanism for the SDG and NDC and propose a strategy to monitor the achievements of both.
Brazil’s NDC finds its roots in the country’s National Policy on Climate Change of 2009, the Law on the Protection of Native Forests of 2012 and the Law on the National System of Conservation Units of 2000.
The NDC Support Programme in Brazil is essentially a collaborative programme. The studies that underpin the NDC Implementation Strategy are conducted through a partnership between Brazil’s Ministry of Environment and the Inter-American Development Bank (IDB) and the World bank. The IDB-supported study will focus on the restoration of degraded pasturelands and the enhancement of integrated cropland-livestock-forestry systems. The World Bank will be supporting studies on energy efficiency and renewable energy. In addition, in the partnership with the World Bank, through its NDC Partnership Support Facility, the Ministry of Environment will be supported in the dialogue with other government institutions that have a key role in ensuring the implementation and achievement of the NDC targets.
At the global level, the Programme is engaged in a range of strategic partnerships, including the IKI NDC Support Cluster and the NDC Partnership.