Photos by UNDP and AdobeStock
US $ 1,430,500
Government Implementing Partner(s)
Ministry of Environment and Ministry of Finance
NDC KEY PARAMETERS
The objective of Chile’s first NDC was to reduce CO2 emissions per gross domestic product (GDP) unit by up to 30-45% below 2007 levels by 2030. In addition, Chile has committed to sustainable development and the recovery of 100,000 hectares of forest land, mainly native, which will reduce carbon emissions by an annual equivalent of around 600,000 of CO2 as of 2030.
Unconditional NDC: 30% reduction in emission Intensity below 2007 levels by 2030
Conditional NDC: 35-45% reduction in emission intensity below 2007 levels by 2030
Energy, (generation, transportation, industry, mining, housing), industrial processes and product use (IPPU), agriculture, land use, land-use change and forestry (LULUCF), and waste
Forestry and agriculture, biodiversity, water resources, fisheries and aquaculture, health, energy, infrastructure, cities and tourism
UPDATES FOR NDC2
Chile presented its updated NDC to the UNFCCC in April 2020. The updated NDC strengthened the mitigation target converting it to an unconditional absolute target, with the goal of peaking emissions in 2025 and reaching 95 MtCO2eq by 2030. The total emissions budget has been set for no more than 1,100 MtCO2eq in the period 2020-2030, which reflects the mid-point on the road to carbon neutrality in 2050. The updated NDC also incorporates components on oceans, circular economy, forests, peat bogs and ecosystems, as well as a social pillar on ”just transition” and sustainable development goals (SDGs), which consider criteria such as gender equity and equality, water safety, and nature-based solutions (NBS) amongst others. The contribution in adaptation has been structured around climate change policies, strategies and plans, and maximum urgency actions to build a more resilient country.
The NDC Support Programme is directly contributing by:
- Supporting the NDC public consultation process;
- Providing data and insights to four Ministries to develop National Climate Finance Strategy;
- Incorporating a gender approach into climate change policies and governance;
- Strengthening the transparency system;
- Devising NDC contribution updates and Climate Change Adaptation Plan for the tourism sector; and
- Promoting private sector engagement through the voluntary carbon footprint platform, Huella Chile.
The work is part of UNDP’s broader corporate initiative, the Climate Promise, which supports over 110 countries to enhance their NDCs. Through the Climate Promise, UNDP is identifying critical gaps for NDC implementation at the local level, strengthening youth engagement and aligning private sector initiatives to any new climate targets or goals.
KEY PROJECT WORK AREAS
Enhancement of Climate Change Governance
- Systematically incorporate a participatory process to achieve an inclusive planning approach; and
- Under the leadership of the Technical Interinstitutional Committee for Climate Change (ETICC), establish an institutional mechanism to review and update each NDC component.
Integration of Gender-Responsive Approaches into Institutional Frameworks
- Assess options for mainstreaming gender in NDC implementation and associated policies;
- Incorporate a gender approach in the draft climate change national law, as well as in NDC updates and the Climate Change Adaptation Plan in the tourism sector;
- Develop a check list to guide the public sector on integrating gender considerations into climate change policies; and build capacity on gender-responsive climate action among relevant teams;
- Based on public consultations, incorporate a new social pillar in the NDC to secure contributions towards a just transition and the SDGs. Criteria include equity and gender equality, SDGs, water safety, NBS, participation, knowledge, and cost-efficiency; and
- Develop communication strategies to increase dissemination of information about the climate change and gender agendas.
Strengthen Monitoring and Transparency System
- Define metrics and mechanisms of the monitoring, reporting and verification (MRV) system for climate change mitigation actions.
Private Sector Engagement
- Develop strategy to increase the participation and compliance of the private sector on mitigation actions, based on the HuellaChile Program for carbon footprint measurement and neutralization, which engages 1000+ private entities.
- Design a fiscal framework for monitoring national expenditures on climate change and strengthen technical capacities of public ministries;
- Enhance investment of the energy sector in the 2050 Carbon Neutrality Strategy by identifying public and private financial flows to develop a long-term strategy and to improve decision-making in public policy; and
- Assess infrastructure at risk for natural and climate hazards in the Atacama region, in collaboration with Willis Tower Watson and Oxford University.
The Programme is coordinating with partners such as the Global Environment Facility (GEF) on the Biennial Update Reports and National Communications (BURs and NCs) and is strengthening Chile’s transparency framework through the Capacity Building Initiative for Transparency (CBIT). In addition, UNDP is coordinating with the World Bank (PMR Program) and UNFCCC’s Climate Neutral Now on carbon neutrality initiatives from Chile, Peru and Costa Rica. The Programme also created a Community of Practice (CoP) for Carbon Footprint Programs in Latin America and the Caribbean (led by HuellaChile), participates in the LEDS-LAC private sector CoP and coordinates the elaboration of a sub-national (local governments) agenda on climate action. On the international level, the NDC Support Programme in Chile is engaged in a range of strategic partnerships including the IKI NDC Support Cluster and the NDC Partnership.
Ministry of Environment
Ministry of Finance
UNDP Country Office | Chile
UNDP | NDC Support Programme
Global Support Unit