Viet Nam

NDC Facts


Reduce emissions by 8-25% compared to BAU, depending on international support. This includes reuction of emission intensity per unit of GDP by 20% compared to the 2010 levels; and an increase of forest cover to 45%.


Economy-wide, including Agriculture, Energy, LULUCF, and Waste


Agriculture, Coastal Zone, Disaster Risk Management, Education, Energy, Environment, Health, LULUCF/Forestry, Social Development, Tourism, Transport, Urban, Water




19 September 2017








Project information


USD 2,081,000


Q2 2018


Q2 2021


Integrated Governance; Evidence-based Planning, Design and Implementation; Climate-Friendly Investment; Public-Private Partnerships






Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment, Small and Medium Enterprise Development Fund, Ministry of Planning and Investment, Ministry of Industry and Trade



Development facts


Context and Objectives

Vietnam has a population of 95 million (2017), of which 66% live in rural areas. Hanoi, the capital, has a population of 7.7 million. Agriculture accounts for 35% of land area, while forests make up 47% of land coverage. The main crops are rice and maize. Industrial crops include: rubber, coffee, cashew, sugarcane, peanut, soybean, tea, and cotton. Animal husbandry is developing towards large-scale industrial farming, especially pigs. Agriculture contributed to 15% of GDP in 2017.

Industry accounted for 33% of GDP in 2017, while the service industry accounted for 51%. The economy has grown at a rate of 7% in 2018. Coal, gasoline and oil are primary fuels for electricity generation. Total end-use energy consumption was 654.96 kg of oil equivalent (2013) per capita. In terms of sectoral structure in final energy consumption in 2015, the industrial sector is still the largest consumer with 43.0%, followed by the residential sector with 29.6% and the transportation sector with 22.7%. Energy demand for industry and transport is growing rapidly.

To deliver on NDC climate action goals, the NDC Support Programme will assist Vietnam in evidence-based planning in the areas: Private Sector, Finance, Policy as well as a Deep Dive activity to green an agricultural production chain in the fruit sector.

Work areas

Private Sector-driven Implementation:

  • Advancing policies and incentives for private sector opportunities in national NDC plans
  • Strengthening private sector Innovation and investments for technology transfer
  • Tracking NDC contributions through the development of a platform

Climate Finance:

  • Establishing sustainable finance mechanisms to scale up NDC mitigation and adaptation

Deep Dive:

  • 'Greening' an agricultural supply chain on fruits (pineapple and mango) through sustainable resilient low emission innovations, while advancing productivity and competitiveness

Building blocks

Vietnam has developed a national policy and legislative frameworks to support action on climate change. These policy and legislative frameworks are:

  • National Target Programme to Respond to Climate Change (NTP-RCC) (2008)
  • National Socio-Economic Development

Strategy 2011-2020

  • Socio-Economic Development Plan 2011-2015
  • Climate Change Strategy (2011)
  • National Green Growth Strategy (2012)
  • Law on Natural Disaster Prevention and Control (2013)
  • Law on Environment (2014)

Important groundwork through the UNDP Low Emission Capacity Building (LECB) Programme include:

  • Increased knowledge and capacity of policy makers, the Government has developed evidence-based policy measures to promote sustainable industrial development in the sectors chemical fertilizers (NAMA developed), cement (NAMA developed) as well as iron and steel (piloc actions completed).
  • A system of tracking and reporting climate change finance is developed and employed that is consistent with international practice, contributing to improving planning, budgeting and spending climate finance. This work was carried out in collaboration with the Vietnam Ministry of Planning and Investment.

Partner initiatives

To achieve the above results, the NDC Support Programme works closely with a number of national and international partners, including the Institute for Policy and Strategy for Agriculture and Rural Development (IPSARD), the Ministry for Agriculture and Rural Development (MARD), the Ministry of Natural Resources and the Environment (MONRE), the Small and Medium Entreprises Fund under the Ministry of Planning and Investment, and leading companies in the fruit sector.

At the global level, UNDP is engaged a range of strategic partnerships through the NDC Support Programme, including the IKI NDC Support Cluster, the NDC Partnership, the LEDS Global Partnership, and the Partnership on Transparency in the Paris Agreement.

Image by Tuan Hoang from Pixabay

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