Photos by UNDP and Monika MG | Unsplash



Project Funding

US $ 900,400

Start Date

April 2018

End Date

December 2020

Government Implementing Partner(s)

Ministry of Climate Change


Vanuatu’s conditional NDC aims to approach 100% renewable energy in the electricity sub-sector contingent upon appropriate financial and technical support made available from international climate financing mechanisms.

Mitigation Sectors
Energy: Electricity sub-sector

Adaptation Sectors
Agriculture, coastal zone, environment, health, land use, land-use change and forestry (LULUCF), tourism, and waste


Vanuatu’s updated NDC will use the opportunity to reiterate and implement adaptation priorities as identified in key national documents such as the National Adaptation Programme of Action (NAPA) and the National Climate Change and Disaster Risk Reduction Policy. In addition, the update will raise ambition through the inclusion of new sectors and fast-track implementation of the NDC.

The NDC Support Programme is directly contributing by:

  • Expanding NDC coverage to other economic sectors and enabling a wider consultation process;
  • Carrying out an economy-wide metabolic assessment in order to identify other potential mitigation sectors to increase NDC ambition and action;
  • Conducting a detailed assessment of land transport, waste, forestry, agriculture and other potential high impact sectors that can contribute to low-carbon development; and
  • Enhancing the scope of the integrated mitigation, reporting and verification (MRV) tool to include additional mitigation sectors identified under the NDC update.

The work is part of UNDP’s broader corporate initiative, the Climate Promise, which supports over 110 countries to enhance their NDCs. 


High-Level Leadership

  • Support high-level leaders to build consensus and promote commitment on an ambitious climate change vision; and
  • Support the attendance of key national stakeholders at international fora such as the Conference of the Parties.

NDC Update and NDC Implementation Roadmap

  • Develop NDC implementation roadmap including institutional frameworks;
  • Conduct economy-wide metabolic assessment to cover other potential mitigation sectors; and
  • Carry out an assessment for land transport, waste, forestry, agriculture and other potential high impact sectors to assess mitigation potential.

Monitoring and Transparency Systems for NDC Implementation

  • Develop an integrated MRV tool for the energy sector to track the progress of emission reduction, implementation and climate finance and sustainable development goal (SDG) impacts;
  • Expand the scope of the integrated MRV tool with additional sectors identified under the NDC update; and
  • Develop emission reduction calculation sheets for all NDC sectors and relevant technologies to simplify reporting of emission reductions.

NDC Implementation through Sustainable Energy Projects

  • Complete feasibility studies for grid extensions in East Ambae and Maweo;
  • Complete feasibility study for a micro-grid in the Wintua village on the Malekula island and collaborate with the Austrian Government on full implementation; and
  • Complete a feasibility study and pilot project for rural electrification based with solar PV based on an innovative swarm technology (from Power-Blox AG) on Lelepa island; roll-out the pilot project for the a flexi-grid electrification; and develop scaling up plan and funding proposal for a country-wide rural electrification initiative.


The NDC Support Programme is responding to the majority of Vanuatu’s requests for support under the NDC Partnership Climate Action Enhancement Package (CAEP). In addition, the Department of Energy (DoE) is collaborating with the Utilities Regulatory Authority (URA), Power Communication Systems (PCS), and the Department of Cooperatives to explore options for tariff setting and developing a sustainable model for technical and financial operation and maintenance of the Power-Blox system once the scale-up is complete.


Esline Garebiti
Ministry of Climate Change

Emma Sale
UNDP Pacific Office | Fiji

Alexandra Soezer
UNDP | NDC Support Programme
Global Support Unit

The latest

In this report, the Republic of Vanuatu presents its enhanced NDCs for the period 2020-2030 and calls on all Parties to increase their ambitions in line with the best available and most recent science and obligations under the Agreement.

Posted on January 13, 2021

This analysis of circular economy opportunities for Vanuatu seeks to help reduce the waste flow of imported materials, while also examining how to improve the resource efficiency of all material use, including domestically-sourced materials.

Posted on January 13, 2021

Vanuatu launches solar mini-grid in two communities.

Posted on October 1, 2020

On the remote island of Malekula, a new solar micro-grid is changing the lives of over 2,800 people -- boosting local development while contributing to Vanuatu’s sector-specific target of transitioning to close to 100 percent renewable energy in the electricity sector by 2030.

Posted on September 25, 2020

The Integrated MRV tool is a first of its kind initiative which enables tracking, reporting and verification of GHG emissions; impacts of mitigation (including NDC) actions; impacts of adaptation actions; climate finance flows and SDG impacts.

Posted on August 26, 2020

Vanuatu’s conditional NDC aims to approach 100% renewable energy in the electricity sub-sector contingent upon appropriate financial and technical support made available from international climate financing mechanisms.

Posted on August 19, 2020

Vanuatu is working towards enhancing the current NDC, including by raising ambition, as part of the Paris Agreement’s NDC update process and, fast-tracking the implementation of NDCs, through in-country technical expertise and capacity building.

Posted on June 8, 2020

The MoCC worked in partnership with Power-Blox AG (an award-winning Swiss company providing automated and decentralized electricity solutions) and successfully completed the first phase of a feasibility study and pilot project for powering Lelepa Island in Shefa province through swarm technology. Based on this successful first phase and testing of the Solar Flex-Grid technology, a scale-up is currently in progress to electrify all the households on Lelepa Island including providing for income…

Posted on April 23, 2020

The off-grid island of Lelepa in the Republic of Vanuatu, located in the South Pacific Ocean, has just started trialing a modular energy solution called ‘Power Blox’. Power cubes with a modular design and grid-connectivity, much like blocks of Lego, allow for expansion and growth of the grid over time and at the pace needed by the rural community, while delivering all the other benefits that come with renewable energy, largely through improving livelihoods without damaging the environment.

Posted on December 3, 2019

A climate-friendly technology supplied by Power-Blox AG, an award-winning Swiss company is providing automated and decentralised electricity solutions to communities in Lelepa Island in Vanuatu.

Posted on November 18, 2019

The government of Vanuatu, in close collaboration with the INDC Project, facilitated Vanuatu’s national capacities to prepare and communicate its INDC to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), and implement it.

Posted on July 30, 2019

In a first of its kind initiative, Vanuatu has embarked on activities moving towards achieving its NDC goals through the integrated MRV framework with the overall objective to effectively track all key parameters to track SDG impacts towards achieving its NDC commitment. This webinar is organized jointly by UNDP through its NDC Support Programme, the Government of Vanuatu, Ministry of Climate Change and Subbarao Consulting Services.

Posted on April 22, 2019

he Ministry of Climate Change and Natural Disaster (MCCND) has launched Vanuatu’s Nationally Determined Contributions (NDC) Implementation Roadmap and Vanuatu’s Integrated, Monitoring, Reporting and Verification (MRV) Tool.

Posted on April 16, 2019

This blog explores the importance of integrated data tracking for meeting climate targets, providing the country example of Vanuatu.

Posted on April 9, 2019

The integrated MRV tool is a first of its kind initiative which enables tracking, reporting and verification of (1) GHG emissions (2) impact of mitigation (including NDC) actions (3) climate finance flows and (4) SDG impacts (Based on the UNDP Climate Action Impact Tool-CAIT).

Posted on April 2, 2019

This NDC Implementation Roadmap aims at providing a pathway for the implementation of specific climate change mitigation actions in Vanuatu which can assist in achieving the target defined in Vanuatu’s NDC

Posted on March 5, 2019

Vanuatu's Ministry of Climate Change held a validation workshop on February 20, 2019, with the goal to finalize the country's Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) Implementation Roadmap & Monitoring, Reporting and Verification (MRV) Framework.

Posted on February 22, 2019

Vanuatu’s ambitious goal to become climate neutral; taking social impact into account

Posted on October 18, 2018