Project Funding

US $ 802,500

Start Date

January 2019

End Date

June 2021

Government Implementing Partner(s)

National Environment Commission


The objective of Bhutan’s first NDC is to remain carbon neutral whereby the emission of greenhouse gases (GHG) will not exceed carbon sequestration by forests. It will also aim to maintain minimum 60% of forest cover.

Unconditional NDC: Maintain carbon neutrality, including land use, land-use change and forestry (LULUCF).

Mitigation Sectors
Agriculture, energy, forestry, transport, and waste

Adaptation Sectors
Disaster risk management, energy, environment, health, forestry, transport, urban, and water


Bhutan is enhancing its NDC with the overarching objective to mitigate GHG emissions to maintain its carbon neutrality goal by refining targets and the information base for the key NDC sectors energy, human settlement and industry and by incorporating the agriculture sector as a new sector in its mitigation efforts.

The NDC Support Programme is directly contributing by:

  • Strengthening targets and actions by supporting the incorporation of an implementation and investment plan into Bhutan’s low-emission development strategy for the industry, transport and human settlement sectors.

The work is part of UNDP’s broader corporate initiative, the Climate Promise, which supports over 110 countries to enhance their NDCs. Through the Climate Promise, UNDP is supporting political engagement with key actors; targeting specific sectors such as energy to develop an electric vehicle guideline and low-carbon vehicle strategy; agriculture to develop a low-emission strategy/roadmap specifically for organic, land management and livestock sub-sectors; and human settlement and industry to develop a comprehensive roadmap for NDC implementation. Finally, UNDP will support capacity building in monitoring, reporting and verification (MRV) systems for the modeling of GHG calculations and tracking of the above-mentioned sectors.


Integrated Governance and Gender Mainstreaming

  • Conduct gender gap analysis in relevant policies and strategies of select priority NDC sectors and develop gender action plans;
  • Formalize and strengthen institutional frameworks, including gender-responsive approaches;
  • Integrate gender-responsive climate actions into Climate Change Policy; and
  • Prepare training manual and toolkit on mainstreaming gender into priority NDC sectors (led by National Commission for Women and Children).

Mitigation in Priority Sectors

  • Update 2030 energy efficiency roadmap and low-emission development strategies for three other NDC priority sectors: industry, transport and human settlements;
  • Implement key recommendations identified in sectoral NDC roadmaps to address technical implementation barriers (e.g., technical analysis on grid emission factors, assessment and pilot on use of refuse-derived fuel in cement plants); and
  • Promote sustainable waste management practices through support to establish six facilities producing organic compost from food waste (responsible for 60% of solid waste composition in Bhutan).

Climate Finance

  • Design gender-responsive financial mechanisms to address barriers to investment and stimulate investment in cleaner technologies to scale up NDC actions in support of economic diversification; and
  • Engage and build capacities of Bhutanese banks on green finance.

Systematic Private Sector Engagement

  • Establish business platforms to promote a participatory approach to NDC implementation, inform about NDC investment opportunities, transparency and credibility of contributions; and
  • Create a partnership with the Loden Foundation, a civil society organization, to launch a programme to support climate-friendly business proposals by youth and women entrepreneurs.


The NDC Support Programme links closely with complementary projects to strengthen outputs and ensure comprehensive responses to government needs e.g., with the Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA), the World Wildlife Fund (WWF) and other development partners. Partners also include Civil Society Organizations (CSOs) such as the Loden Foundation, Academia, the Bhutan Chamber for Commerce and Industry, and the private sector.


Tenzin Wangmo
National Environment Commission

Chimi Rinzin and Sonam Y. Rabgye
UNDP Country Office | Bhutan;

Verania Chao
UNDP | NDC Support Programme
Global Support Unit

The latest

The Bhutan Gender Analysis explores the gender differentiated impacts of climate change by looking at gender inequalities between gender groups, in relation to their access to resources, participation, and benefits.

Posted on April 1, 2021

The objective of Bhutan’s first NDC is to remain carbon neutral whereby the emission of greenhouse gases (GHG) will not exceed carbon sequestration by forests. It will also aim to maintain minimum 60% of forest cover.

Posted on December 10, 2019

The INDC Project was implemented in close coordination with the Bhutan’s LECB project, to provide technical support and bring various stakeholders together to address the country’s NDC needs and to support climate action.

Posted on July 31, 2019

Bhutan sought to extend and elaborate its options and processes to address and promote low emission development effectively, through assessments, sectoral policies, and strategy documents in the areas of transport, human settlements, solid waste management, and industries.

Posted on July 30, 2019

The National Environment Commission (NEC) and UNDP hosted a series of one-day “write shops” in May. Key stakeholders were invited to provide final technical comments on a suite of climate strategies that will now be signed off by senior Ministry officials. Stakeholders included government officials from planning, transport, industry and environment, as well as private sector representatives.

Posted on July 11, 2017