Viet Nam


Photos by Jireh Foo and Robby Mccullough | Unsplash



Project Funding

US $ 481,500

Start Date

January 2018

End Date

December 2021

Government Implementing Partner(s)

Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment


The objective of Viet Nam’s NDC is to advance socio-economic development by reducing vulnerability to climate change, contributing to the global climate change response and sustainably using natural resources.

Unconditional NDC: 8% reduction compared to business-as-usual (BAU) by 2030

Conditional NDC: 25% reduction compared to BAU by 2030

Mitigation Sectors
Energy, agriculture, land use, land-use change and forestry (LULUCF), and waste

Adaptation Sectors
Food security, energy, water, poverty reduction, gender equality, social security, public health, livelihood improvements and the protection of natural resources


Viet Nam’s updated NDC will raise its mitigation target (conditional and unconditional), expand coverage to industrial processes, ensure contributions on mitigation and adaptation are better aligned with development plans and socio-economic development forecasts, include findings from socio-economic impact assessments, clarify the issue of loss and damage, strengthen adaption management and capacities, and incorporate enhanced transparency systems for mitigation and adaptation, including guidance from COP24.

The NDC Support Programme is directly contributing by:

  • Strengthening technical inputs to key ministries and stakeholder engagement processes as part of UNDP’s country office’s longer-term NDC2 support (below);
  • Developing a private sector engagement strategy for the NDC2 with the government and obtaining inputs on the Climate Change Law to improve the enabling environment for the private sector; and
  • Establishing a private sector platform to promote technology transfer and track contributions to climate targets and Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).

The work is part of UNDP’s broader corporate initiative, the Climate Promise, which supports over 110 countries to enhance their NDCs. Through the Promise, UNDP is also supporting comprehensive youth engagement activities and a macro-economic impact assessment of the proposed Power Development Plan to inform future energy planning.


Private Sector Engagement and Enabling Environment

  • Develop a private sector engagement plan and financing mechanism for the second NDC;
  • Conduct a legal review of the private sector’s role in climate action and provide recommendations for improving the enabling environment for the private sector in the Climate Change Law;
  • Develop private sector engagement plans for the agriculture, forestry and energy sectors;
  • Establish a private sector engagement platform to promote technology transfer and to track contributions to climate change and the SDGs;
  • Create an NDC innovation and action platform for companies to showcase effective climate change technologies as well as to track their contributions to NDC targets; and
  • Prepare communication materials to showcase progress on climate action, opportunities for private sector action in NDC implementation, and to highlight voluntary contributions by the private sector.

Climate-friendly Investment Opportunities

  • Define operating procedures for at least two climate-friendly investment opportunities with each opportunity including eligibility criteria, application and disbursement process, legal and management rules, and the process of capturing sex- and age-disaggregated data;
  • Train stakeholders to access, blend, catalyze and coordinate climate finance; and
  • Conduct a dialogue with potential investors and assess potential investments.

Greening an Agricultural Production Chain

  • Scan all activities along the production chain from sowing and growing to harvesting, to identify sustainable practices; and
  • Working in coordination with a similar initiative by the World Bank to identify products of focus (oranges/grapefruit and dragon fruits were selected).


UNDP Viet Nam maintains a strong and active collaboration with key development partners including the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH and the World Bank. This is true especially for the NDC2 revision and “deep dive” support on greening the agriculture production chain, which is being complemented by the World Bank’s broader approach covering work in multiple sectors.

In addition, working in close collaboration with GIZ and the World Bank, technical analyses, high-level political advocacy efforts, and the inclusion of gender considerations, with additional contributions from a project supporting the National Adaptation Plan (NAP), were supported under the Climate Promise.


Pham Sinh Thanh
Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment


Dao Xuan Lai and Bui Viet Hien
UNDP Country Office | Viet Nam;

Susanne Olbrisch
UNDP | NDC Support Programme
Global Support Unit


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