Photos by Marcin Kalinski | Unsplash



Project Funding

US $ 481,500

Start Date

January 2018

End Date

December 2021

Government Implementing Partner(s)

Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment


The objective of Thailand’s NDC is to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by at least 20% from business-as-usual (BAU), while also recognizing its high vulnerability to the impacts of climate change.

Unconditional NDC: 20% reduction from BAU level by 2030

Conditional NDC: up to 25% from BAU by 2030

Mitigation Sectors

Adaptation Sectors
Water management, agriculture and food security, public health, biodiversity, tourism, and disaster risk reduction


The scope of Thailand’s revised NDC has been expanded to cover 6 priority sectors as highlighted in Thailand's draft National Adaptation Plan (NAP) (i.e., water, health, settlements, tourism, natural resources management, agriculture/food security). The NDC planning process has also been updated regarding the preparation for NDC roadmap implementation, such as sectoral action plans for energy, transport, industrial processes and product use, and waste sectors.

The NDC Support Programme is directly contributing by:

  • Building capacities for climate-related institutional, financial and policy reforms;
  • Designing innovative financing mechanisms, coupled with investment analyses and de-risking strategies; and
  • Ensuring sustained private sector engagement.

The work is part of UNDP’s broader corporate initiative, the Climate Promise, which supports over 110 countries to enhance their NDCs. Through the Climate Promise, UNDP will support Thailand to add a piloting site under the inclusive, gender-responsive Climate Change Benefit Analysis to demonstrate sub-national climate actions and investment. Another key activity will be the national launch of the online activity Mission 1.5 to engage a broad range of stakeholders. A third key activity is to expand the scope of private sector engagement for private sector finance tracking to analyze obstacles for increasing investment in energy efficiency and renewable energy.


Private Sector Engagement

  • Engage the private sector systematically on NDC mitigation investment opportunities (in energy efficiency) through a Private Climate Expenditure and Institutional Review (PCEIR) that will enhance the leveraging effects of public-private investment mechanisms.

Climate-friendly Investment Opportunities

  • Build capacities to design climate-friendly investment opportunities, address investor risks and blend and catalyze climate finance through an Investment and Financial Flows (I&FF) Assessment in the transport sector


UNDP, as chair of the UN Country Team NDC Working Group, is jointly working with other UN agencies in an integrated approach to support Thailand on climate action, including climate finance action. This partnership across multiple international development partners will be further enhanced as part of the recent membership of Thailand to the NDC Partnership Climate Action Enhancement Package (CAEP).

The NDC Support Programme is jointly implemented with a regional climate finance project funded by the Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency (SIDA). As part of the activities under the regional project an inclusive, gender-responsive Climate Change Benefit Analysis framework is being operationalized and piloted at sub-national levels in the agriculture sector. The regional project is coordinated with the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) and the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH to co-organize workshops on climate adaptation in the agriculture sector.


Kittisak Prukkanone
Office of Natural Resources and Environmental Policy and Planning 


Krib Sitathani
UNDP Country Office | Thailand

Susanne Olbrisch
UNDP | NDC Support Programme
Global Support Unit


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