Tunisia

NDC Facts

TARGET

13% -> 41% Carbon Intensity Reduction between 2010 and 2030

MITIGATION SECTORS

Energy, Industrial processes, AFOLU, Waste

ADAPTATION SECTORS

Agriculture, Coastal Zone, Environment, Health, Tourism, Water

NDC IMPLEMENTATION PLAN

In Progress

PARIS AGREEMENT RATIFICATION

10 February 2017

SDG LINKAGES

 

Project information

PROJECT FUNDS

USD 221,400

START DATE

Q2 2018

END DATE

Q2 2019

FOCUS AREAS

NDC Road Map and Partnership Plan, Awareness and Advocacy, Gender-responsive NDC Planning and Implementation

GENDER WORKSTREAM

Yes

NDC PARTNERSHIP MEMBER

No

GOVERNMENT PARTNER

Ministry of Local Affairs and Environment

FACT SHEET

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Development facts


Context and Objectives

As a country which is both exposed to the impacts of climate change and highly dependent on fossil fuels, Tunisia embedded the protection of climate and the environment, as well as women’s rights, in its constitution in 2014. Tunisia’s NDC pledges to reduce its carbon intensity by 41% (13% unconditionally and another 28% conditionally) by 2030 relative to 2010 levels. Mitigation efforts particularly focus on the energy sector, which accounts for 75% of the proposed emissions reductions.

This commitment builds on the National Climate Change Strategy, Energy Efficiency Strategy, and the Tunisian Solar Plan (updated in 2013, 2015 and 2016). Tunisia has also initiated an ambitious Energy Transition Agenda in 2013 to reduce primary energy demand by 30% by 2030 and a 30% penetration rate for renewable energy in electricity production. An action plan for renewable energy was adopted by an inter-ministerial committee in March 2018 to advance reform in the energy sector. The energy efficiency action plan is currently under development and awaiting inter-ministerial support. The country is also aligning NDC implementation with the Integrating Green Economy in the National Development Plan (2016-2020) and adaptation strategies for a variety of sectors and fields.

To deliver on NDC climate action goals, the NDC Support Programme will assist Tunisia to establish an institutional framework to lead the implementation process by promoting government leadership, advancing inter- and intra-institutional coordination, and building institutional capacity to implement the NDC. This will be achieved through the design and coordination of an NDC implementation road map and Partnership Plan that directly addresses government needs and priorities for NDC implementation.

Work areas

NDC Road Map and Partnership Plan

  • Establish a national institutional coordination mechanism with all key government stakeholders and development partners to track the implementation of the NDC Road Map and Partnership Plan;
  • Elaborate a road map that will outline the methodology and approaches of NDC implementation for all sectors and define the gaps and needs in terms of capacity-building specific to each economic sector of the NDC;
  • Design and coordinate an NDC Partnership Plan that directly addresses government needs and priorities for NDC implementation, and which forms an integral part of the NDC Implementation Road map.

Awareness and Advocacy

  • Conduct information and consultation workshops to raise awareness in at least three key sectors to identify potential NDC implementation gaps;
  • Develop advocacy materials;
  • Conduct one high-level, national conference.

Gender-responsive NDC Planning and Implementation

  • Strengthen national capacities to integrate NDC targets and gender into development plans and monitor progress;
  • Provide technical assistance in at least in one sector to develop an NDC gender action plan;
  • Organize training sessions with sector experts (especially planners) on NDC integration and key data requirements for monitoring progress.

 

Building blocks

The Tunisian Government has set in place initiatives to lead the NDC implementation process, and the NDC Support Programme will complement these efforts. They include:

  • In 2017 and 2018 UNDP Tunisia supported two action plans to accelerate energy transition. The action plan for renewable energy was adopted by an inter-ministerial committee in March 2018 with an ambition towards energy sector reform, including the establishment of an independent regulator of the electricity sector and the increase of the renewable energy capacity. The energy efficiency action plan is currently under development and awaiting inter-ministerial support.
  • In July 2017, the Ministry of Local Affairs and Environment, with support of UNDP Tunisia, launched a process to develop an NDC Implementation Roadmap with a consultative process that will be expanded upon by the NDC Support Programme.
  • The recently established “Management Unit for Climate Change” within the Ministry of Local Affairs and Environment, will be responsible for inter-ministerial and multi-stakeholder coordination to implement Tunisia’s NDC.
  • The Energy Transition Fund, reformed in 2017 and currently under operationalization, is a key instrument in the implementation of the energy transition, the implementation of the NDC, and the achievement of low carbon development through smart subsidies, loans, and equity.
  • A GHG national inventory system was developed under the supervision of the Ministry in charge of the environment and with the technical coordination of the National Agency for Energy Conservation (ANME), which led to the elaboration of the 1st and 2nd Biennial Update Reports and the 1st, 2nd, and 3rd National Communications.

 

Partner initiatives

The NDC Support Programme in Tunisia links closely with complementary, UNDP-supported projects to facilitate energy transition, such as the NAMA for Tunisian Solar Plan (financed by Global Environment Facility), the Low Emission Development Strategy (LEDS) for the energy sector, and the development of a Market Readiness Proposal (through the World Bank/Partnership for Market Readiness) as an introduction of carbon pricing instruments. The Programme also creates synergy with other initiatives like Adapt’Action or the National Adaptation Plan (NAP).

At the global level, the Programme is engaged in a range of strategic partnerships including the IKI NDC Support Cluster and the NDC Partnership. Per government request, UNDP and GIZ will act as co-facilitators of the national process to prepare a NDC Partnership Plan. This builds upon the NDC Implementation Roadmap supported by UNDP.


Related information

undp_ndcsp_tunisia_webpage

Tunisia will advance implementation of its climate targets, as outlined in the NDC, through select activities with a focus on developing an NDC Road Map and Partnership Plan, raising awareness and advocacy, and gender-responsive NDC planning and implementation.

Posted on May 10, 2018