NDC Facts


15% > 30% Emission Reduction against Business as Usual (BAU) by 2030, depending on international support


Energy, Transport, Waste, Forestry


Agriculture, Environment, LULUCF/Forestry, Water







Project information


USD 802,500


Q1 2018


Q4 2019


NDC-SDG Linkages, Gender Mainstreaming, NDC Investment Environment






Ministry of Environment



Development facts

Context and Objectives

Although Lebanon’s contribution to global emissions is miniscule (0.07%), the country understands the central role of mitigating actions and resilient adaptation for its sustainable development vision. As a result, Lebanon committed to an unconditional reduction of 15% in greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions against Business as Usual (BAU) and an amended conditional target of 30% emission reduction by 2030. Lebanon’s targets heavily depend on the four sectors — energy, transport, waste and forestry — to deliver the climate action plan (Nationally Determined Contribution – NDC), all of which face major barriers such as:

  • A deficit in fiscal and financial schemes
  • Misalignment of policies that support the NDC
  • A lack of technical and institutional capacities to carry out implementation and progress tracking
  • A lack of environment conducive to investment
The NDC Support Programme responds directly to these barriers by assisting Lebanon to develop a comprehensive implementation approach that links Lebanon’s NDC and SDGs, assessing proposed sectoral implementation activities, and formulating incentives and tools to accelerate mitigation actions in both public and private sectors. Furthermore, Lebanon is taking the opportunity to advance gender awareness and equality by ensuring that NDC planning and implementation is gender responsive. This will be achieved through formal partnership with the Office of the Minister of State for Women’s Affairs (OMSWA).


Work areas

NDC-SDGs Linkages and Gender Equality

  • Re-examine the NDC to identify gaps for linkages to the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).
  • Prioritize NDC actions by clarifying sectoral assumptions and baseline.
  • Identify and formalize NDC and SDG institutional arrangements and indicators to synchronize tracking.
  • Determine women’s empowerment and participation opportunities in NDC and SDG implementation.

NDC Investment Environment

Design feasibility studies for policy and financial instruments that can serve as levers for promoting private sector investment.

  • Assess outstanding barriers for private investment beyond those addressed in the de-risking strategy.
  • Develop tools and mechanisms to enhance investment in climate mitigation.
  • Assess and analyze private sector flows to determine their contribution the NDC targets and work toward upscaling investments.


Building blocks

Through the UNDP Low Emission Capacity Building (LECB) Programme, and other pathfinder projects such as the EU’s ClimaSouth programme, Lebanon has developed a strong foundation for NDC implementation. This includes:

  • A formalized NDC Committee comprised of nominated leads from each sectoral ministry contributing to elements of the NDC.
  • The development of a preliminary NDC Roadmap outlining NDC implementation plans.
  • An established and piloted intranet platform — the Management and Information System for Climate Action (MISCA) — which will track NDC progress and GHG emissions.
  • A systematic and quantified analysis of investor risks in Renewable Energy, including the enabling policy and financial levers that can effectively leverage investment in this sector.
  • Two fully elaborated NAMAs in waste and transport sectors that directly contribute to the stated NDC targets.
  • Digital Carbon Footprint platform whereby private sector entities can voluntary submit climate actions and thus directly contribute to NDC targets.

Partner initiatives

The Programme links closely with complementary projects to strengthen outputs and ensure comprehensive responses to government needs. This includes collaboration with the EU ClimateSouth project, the Small Decentralized Renewable Energy Power Generation Project (DREG), Capacity Building Initiative for Transparency (CBIT), and the forthcoming National Adaptation Programme.

At the global level, the Programme is engaged in a range of strategic partnerships including the Climate Vulnerable Forum, the IKI NDC Support Cluster, and the NDC Partnership (Lebanon intends to join as soon as PA is ratified - awaiting cabinet approval), and the Partnership on Transparency in the Paris Agreement.

Related information


The INDC Project provided an opportunity for Lebanon to package its already existing mitigation and adaptation assessments and sectoral strategies, strengthen capacities, and bring about synergy and coordination across sectors to design and implement climate action.

Posted on July 31, 2019


Lebanon is assessing SDG linkages as part of the process of updating its climate action plan (NDC) for the Paris Agreement. After testing the SDG tool in the building sector, Lebanon shares first thoughts.

Posted on July 15, 2019


This project proposes a car fleet renewal system accompanied by a scrapping programme to introduce fuel-efficient cars in the market and dispose of old polluting cars in an environmentally sound way

Posted on July 9, 2018

Cedar tree silhouettes at mountain sunset scene background.

Lebanon will advance implementation of its climate targets, as outlined in the NDC, through select activities such as on NDC-SDG linkages, gender mainstreaming, and improving the NDC investment environment.

Posted on May 10, 2018


ClimaSouth's latest E-Handbook delineates Lebanon's Climate Act and its goals for economic growth and crosssector collaboration. The handbook was developed with contributions from UNDP and is part of a series produced to enhance strategic climate planning in the South Mediterranean region.

Posted on August 17, 2017