Photos by UNDP and Kassem Mahfous | Unsplash 



Project Funding

US $ 894,300

Start Date

January 2018

End Date

August 2021

Government Implementing Partner(s)

Ministry of Environment


The objective of Lebanon’s NDC is to bring together and build upon national and sectoral planning strategies to both build resilience and improve adaptation as it lowers emissions.

Unconditional NDC: 15% reduction compared to the business-as-usual (BAU) by 2030

Conditional NDC: 30% reduction compared to BAU by 2030

Mitigation Sectors

Energy (including transport), industrial processes and other product use, agriculture, land use, land-use change, and forestry (LULUCF), and waste

Adaptation Sectors

Agriculture, water, LULUCF/forestry, and biodiversity


Lebanon’s NDC revision will reflect an enhanced mitigation target with a more ambitious renewable energy target of 30%, fuller integration with national development objectives and the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs); gender-responsive planning and implementation of climate action; and improved adaptation targets through quantitative objective-setting. Lebanon's NDC will also include improved information for enhanced transparency.

The NDC Support Programme is directly contributing by:

  • Serving as the NDC custodian project to establish, update and implement Lebanon’s NDC. The Programme team coordinates all NDC activities and planning and has facilitated collaboration across the government;
  • Supporting the synchronization of the NDC with the SDGs and the consideration and inclusion of gender. Both will be included in the NDC2; and
  • Supporting the development of updated modeling to improve assumptions for 2030, and to assess additional mitigation potentials for NDC enhancement.

The work contributes to UNDP’s broader corporate initiative, the Climate Promise, which supports over 110 countries to submit enhanced NDCs. Through the Climate Promise, UNDP will support Lebanon to review and update their existing NDC targets, update and improve the underlying data, and establish a transparency framework for tracking implementation progress. 


Alignment of NDC with Sustainable Development and Gender Equality Objectives

  • Re-examine the NDC to identify gaps for linkages to the SDGs and provide concrete suggestions and policy advice;
  • Prioritize NDC actions by clarifying sectoral assumptions and baselines in order to evaluate how best to increase ambition;
  • Identify and formalize NDC and SDG institutional arrangements and indicators to synchronize tracking; and
  • Identify practical entry points and opportunities for women’s empowerment and inclusion in NDC and SDG implementation.

Enhancement of NDC Investment Environment

  • Design feasibility studies for policy and financial instruments that can serve as levers for promoting private sector investment;
  • Assess outstanding barriers for private investment beyond those addressed in the de-risking strategy;
  • Develop tools and mechanisms to enhance investment in climate mitigation; and
  • Assess and analyze private sector flows to determine their contribution to the NDC targets and work toward upscaling investments.

Effective Coordination of Planning and Implementation

  • Establish and maintain coordinating bodies for the effective planning and implementation of the NDC;
  • Coordinate the NDC revision process; and
  • Provide facilitation support for the NDC Partnership’s country engagement efforts, including development and utilization of the NDC Partnership Plan.


The NDC Support Programme links closely with complementary projects to strengthen outputs and ensure comprehensive responses to government needs. In Lebanon, this includes close collaboration with the NDC Partnership through their country engagement process and Climate Action Enhancement Package (CAEP), as well as direct collaboration with projects supported by the European Union (CEDRO 5, Sustainable Energy for Security), the Global Environment Facility (GEF) (NC4, BUR), the Green Climate Fund (GCF Readiness), the International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA), the World Bank, and the Islamic Development Bank (IsDB).


Vahakn Kabakian
Ministry of Environment


Jihan Seoud
UNDP Country Office | Lebanon

Allison Towle 
UNDP | NDC Support Programme
Global Support Unit

The latest

Lebanon is seeking to improve the gender responsiveness of its climate policies and climate action through the NDC revision and implementation process. To support this, a Gender Analysis was carried out to assess various aspects of the governance, policy and planning processes related to climate change and gender equality and specifically analyzed data collection, existing technical capacities, institutional mechanisms, and gender mainstreaming opportunities.

Posted on February 19, 2021

Globally the health, social and economic challenges wrought by COVID-19 have been swift and devastating, unfolding in a matter of months. The pandemic struck against the backdrop of another, no less dramatic, global crisis: climate change. The twin crises have highlighted the urgency for a green, inclusive and transformative recovery – one that advances social justice and equality for all.

Posted on October 26, 2020

The objective of Lebanon’s NDC is to bring together and build upon national and sectoral planning strategies to both build resilience and improve adaptation as it lowers emissions.

Posted on August 19, 2020

This document is an initiative of the Global Support Programme for National Communications and Biennial Update Reports (in short, GSP), funded by the Global Environment Facility (GEF) and jointly implemented by UNDP and UNEP. The report summarizes experiences and lessons learnt generated from December 2017, when the first regional kick off meeting was held, to February 2020 when the third (and final) regional dialogue was organized.

Posted on July 16, 2020

The Government of Lebanon sought to assess how to integrate gender considerations into Lebanon’s Nationally Determined Contributions (NDC) and related policies.

Posted on May 28, 2020

The INDC Project provided an opportunity for Lebanon to package its already existing mitigation and adaptation assessments and sectoral strategies, strengthen capacities, and bring about synergy and coordination across sectors to design and implement climate action.

Posted on July 31, 2019

Lebanon is assessing SDG linkages as part of the process of updating its climate action plan (NDC) for the Paris Agreement. After testing the SDG tool in the building sector, Lebanon shares first thoughts.

Posted on July 15, 2019

This project proposes a car fleet renewal system accompanied by a scrapping programme to introduce fuel-efficient cars in the market and dispose of old polluting cars in an environmentally sound way

Posted on July 9, 2018

ClimaSouth's latest E-Handbook delineates Lebanon's Climate Act and its goals for economic growth and crosssector collaboration. The handbook was developed with contributions from UNDP and is part of a series produced to enhance strategic climate planning in the South Mediterranean region.

Posted on August 17, 2017

Lebanon Climate Act establishes a network of companies and institutions actively engaged in the fight for climate change.

Posted on October 10, 2016