NDC Facts


25% unconditional -> 47% conditional GHG emission reduction below Business as Usual (BAU) by 2030


Energy, Agriculture, Waste, Land-use, Land-Use Change and Forestry (LULUCF)


Agriculture, Disaster Risk Management, Environment, Health, Urban, Water


Not yet


December 9, 2016



Project information




Q3 2017


Q3 2019


NDC Finance Strategy, Transparency Framework, Gender-responsive NDC Planning and Implementation






Ministry of Lands Natural Resources and Environmental Protection, Ministry of National Development Planning, Ministry of Gender



Development facts

Context and Objectives

Despite emitting only 0.26% of the world’s greenhouse gases, Zambia submitted an ambitious NDC with a conditional pledge of reducing GHG emissions by 25% to 47% by 2030, against a base year of 2010, depending on availability of international support. Zambia’s mitigation targets are focused on three programmes: (1) sustainable forest management, (2) sustainable agriculture, and (3) renewable energy and energy efficiency.

As noted in the NDC, climate change is recognized as a particularly urgent issue due to the major threat it poses to Zambia’s sustainable development pathway. For this reason, Zambia’s 7th National Development Plan (2017-2021) integrates national goals set through Agenda 2030 for Sustainable Development, the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction, and the Paris Agreement on Climate Change.  Zambia has further reflected climate change as a national priority in the 2017 launch of the National Climate Change Policy, which provides a framework for coordinating climate change programmes to advance Zambia’s Vision 2030.

With support from the NDC Support Programme, Zambia will create institutional arrangements for NDC implementation, develop a monitoring and reporting system, and enhance finance strategies.  The Programme places a strong focus on gender empowerment and equality in NDC-related activities taking into account the disparity in opportunities and vulnerability to climate change effects as noted in the National Climate Change Policy.

Work areas

Monitoring and Transparency System

  • Establish a data management system for Monitoring, Reporting and Verification (MRV);
  • Assess policy, institutional, and data gaps, build consensus, conduct training, and develop MRV guidelines.
  • Facilitate data sharing between ministries.
  • Establish stable institutional arrangements to coordinate and implement the NDC.

NDC Finance Strategy

  • Assess NDC investor risks and map climate finance flows;
  • Identify financing mechanism opportunities;
  • Develop NDC Finance Strategy, incorporating findings from assessments.

Gender-Responsive NDC Planning and Implementation

  • Launch Climate Change and Gender Action Plan (ccGAP);
  • Ensure gender aspects are incorporated into NDC activities, including the MRV system and GHG inventory;
  • Conduct a gender governance and policy scan to identify gender entry points.


Building blocks

Through programmes such as the UNDP Low Emission Capacity Building (LECB) Programme, several systems and capabilities have been established to facilitate the implementation of Zambia’s NDC. These include:

  • Establishing a sustainable National GHG Inventory Management System with formalized institutional arrangements to serve as the cornerstone of Zambia’s long-term GHG emission reporting structure, including the upcoming 3rd National Communication and 1st Biennial Update Report;
  • Building technical capacity and awareness on GHG inventories and mitigation/adaptation projects.
  • Developing five mitigation actions (NAMAs) with MRV Systems, derived from 30 project ideas from inputs from all 10 provinces;
  • Introducing conservation farming and REDD pilot projects;
  • Strengthening adaptive capacity for rural areas and the agriculture sector, e.g. through improved access to weather-related data;
  • Establishing national focal points for Climate Technology Centre and Network (CTCN) and the Green Climate Fund (GCF). The latter facilitated the funding of two projects in adaptation and renewable energy in 2018;
  • The Climate Change and Gender Action Plan (ccGAP), which was launched in 2018, will build on lessons from the Pilot Programme on Climate Resilience supported by World Bank and AfDB.
Furthermore, in the most recent 7th National Development Plan, close linkages were made between development and climate change (including Zambia’s NDC and NAMA target activities), which positively reflects greater climate change mainstreaming.

Partner initiatives

The Programme links closely with complementary projects to strengthen outputs and ensure comprehensive responses to government needs. This includes collaboration with the 3rd National Communications and the 1st Biennial Update Report projects. In climate change mitigation, the project complements the Strengthening Management Effectiveness and Generating Multiple Environmental Benefits project by UNDP-GEF, Integrated Land Use Assessment (ILUA) Phase II, the Zambia Integrated Forest Landscape Programme by Finland and the World Bank Biocarbon Fund; the Forest Investment Programme by the World Bank and UNREDD, and the Scaling-Up Renewable Energy project by the World Bank.  

In climate change adaptation, the programme complements the Promoting Climate Resilient Community-based Regeneration of Indigenous Forests in Zambia’s Central Province by UNDP-GEF; Strengthening Climate Resilience in Kafue Sub-Basin by the World Bank, AfDB, and IDA; and Strengthening Climate Resilience in Barotse Sub-Basin by CIF and World Bank. On the global level, the Programme is engaged in a range of strategic partnerships including the IKI NDC Support Cluster and the NDC Partnership.

Related information


The LECB project sought to support the Government of Zambia in achieving its main development goals as defined in the Sixth National Development Plan (SDNP) (2011—2015), Vision 2030, Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) and the draft NCCRS.

Posted on July 31, 2019


A Farmer in Zambia's Kalomo district describes his experience with conservation agriculture as an alternative farming approach and tool to adapt to climate change.

Posted on November 26, 2018


Joint Event on Launch of ccGAP, Orientation Workshop for Gender Focal Points and Validation of NDC Implementation Plan

Posted on October 31, 2018


Zambia will advance implementation of its climate targets, as outlined in the NDC, through select activities including development of an NDC finance strategy, enhancing the transparency framework, gender-responsive NDC planning and implementation.

Posted on May 10, 2018

Zambia_ending chid marriage

Sustainable and resilient development can best be achieved through an integrated approach that builds on the synergies of actions on climate, development and resilience.

Posted on November 23, 2017