Photo by UN Photo



Project Funding

US $ 1,620,000

Start Date

October 2019

End Date

September 2022

Government Implementing Partner(s)

Ministry of Environment and Ministry of Agriculture


The objective of Rwanda’s first NDC was to guide a transition to a climate-resilient, low-carbon economy, with a strong services sector, low unemployment and low levels of poverty. Rwanda also aims to reduce negative environmental impacts from agriculture and industry, develop in a sustainable way and enable self-sufficient production of basic necessities for all.

Unconditional NDC: N/A
Conditional NDC: N/A

Mitigation Sectors
Energy, transport, waste, industrial processes and product use, and forestry

Adaptation Sectors
Water, agriculture, land use, forestry and tourism


In May 2020, Rwanda became the first least developed country (LDC) and the first African country to submit its enhanced NDC. It committed to a reduction in greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions of up to 38% compared to business-as-usual (BAU) in 2030. The NDC2 also expanded coverage of GHGs by adding hydrofluorocarbons and increased the scope of adaptation actions in key sectors such as human settlements, health, transport and mining. It is better aligned with the country’s National Adaptation Plan (NAP) and other national policies, and incorporates sector-specific implementation plans, costing and funding mechanisms, as well as links to the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).

Unconditional NDC2: A reduction of 16% relative to BAU in 2030
Conditional NDC2: An additional reduction of 22% relative to BAU in 2030

The NDC Support Programme directly contributed to the NDC2 by:

  • Raising awareness, securing high-level political leadership, and strengthening coordination among various NDC sectors and actors;
  • Enhancing the integrated monitoring, reporting and tracking system for the NDC, the SDGs and gender indicators; and
  • Accelerating the inclusive transformation of agriculture, including by developing a sector financing strategy, and assisting in removing barriers to public and private investment.

The work is part of UNDP’s broader corporate initiative, the Climate Promise, which supports over 110 countries to enhance their NDCs.


Capacity and Coordination for NDC Implementation

  • Promote awareness, advocacy and high-level political leadership on NDC implementation;
  • Build the capacity of the Ministry of Environment to coordinate implementation of the NDC in the seven priority sectors through various actors such as the private sector and non-governmental organizations (NGOs); 
  • Integrate NDC actions in sectoral planning and budgeting processes;
  • Build capacities in NDC priority sectors to develop and implement projects; and
  • Integrate gender in NDC implementation through conducting gender gap analyses in three sectors, agriculture, water and renewable energy, and collecting, sharing and reporting gender-disaggregated data.

Monitoring and Transparency Systems

  • Strengthen the existing results-based management and monitoring and evaluation (M&E) system to transform it into a robust integrated monitoring and reporting system able to simultaneously track and report on the NDC, the SDGs and gender indicators; and
  • Track climate finance.

Inclusive Transformation and Financing of Agriculture

  • Develop a roadmap for a transition to low-carbon, climate-resilient agriculture; and
  • Formulate a resource mobilization strategy for inclusive transformation of agriculture based on bankable projects.

Conducive Investment Environment for Agricultural Sector

  • Identify barriers to public and private investment in prioritized NDC actions in agriculture; and
  • Develop de-risking strategies to enable public and private sector investment in transforming the sector.


In Rwanda, UNDP is collaborating with 13 partners on NDC revision and implementation. Partners include the World Bank, African Development Bank (AfDB), UN Environment Programme (UNEP), Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), Global Green Growth Institute (GGGI), Initiative for Climate Action Transparency (ICAT), Netherlands Development Organization, Local Governments for Sustainability (ICLEI), Government of Belgium, Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency (SIDA), and the multi-donor Energizing Development programme (Germany, Netherlands, Norway, Sweden, Switzerland and United Kingdom).


Marshall Banamwana
Ministry of Environment | Rwanda


Madeleine Nyiratuza
UNDP | Country Office Rwanda

Daisy Mukarakate
UNDP | Regional Service Centre for Africa

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