NDC Facts


30% emission reduction by 2030 relative to Business as Usual (BAU); in line with its sustainable development agenda.


Energy, Transport, Waste, Forestry and Agriculture


Agriculture, Coastal Zone, Cross-Cutting Area, Disaster Risk Management (DRM), Education, Energy, Environment, Health, LULUCF/Forestry, Social Development, Tourism, Transport, Urban, Water




28 December 2016



Project information


USD 810,000


Q1 2018


Q1 2020


NDC Roadmap; Integrated Governance; Awareness; Gender; Finance and Investment; Monitoring and Transparency.






Ministry of Environment and Forestry



Development facts



Kenya’s Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) takes a low emission and climate resilient development pathway, with an ambitious mitigation geared towards reducing country’s greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions by 30 % by 2030. Since the early 1960s, Kenya has experienced increasing temperatures and a general decline in the long rainy season that extends from March to May. Sudden droughts and floods across the country have become common, threatening the country’s gains in socioeconomic development.

The Government of Kenya has thus prioritized a response to climate change, through mitigation and adaptation actions. The country has since established itself as a leader in the region on climate change policy approaches. In 2010, Kenya launched a National Climate Change Response Strategy, the first national policy document with evidence and impacts of climate change in Kenya. The National Climate Change Action Plan (2013-2017) was launched in 2013, charting out a low carbon climate resilient development pathway. The recommended response actions address both climate change and sustainable development.

The NDC Support Programme in Kenya focuses on improving climate governance, long-term climate planning, strengthening existing mitigation actions, and applying innovative financing approaches to attract private sector investment. The Programme will also assist Kenya with the newly established Climate Change Fund, which was enacted under the 2016 Climate Change Act.

Work areas

Gender-responsive NDC Roadmap

  • Support disaggregation of NDC mitigation targets;
  • Develop a gender responsive NDC roadmap and financing strategies;
  • Formalize and strengthen institutional frameworks, building on the previously conducted NDC mitigation sector analyses;
  • Conduct gender-analysis of legal, policy and institutional frameworks, giving special consideration to key NDC sectors: agriculture, forestry, water and energy;Formulate national gender and intergenerational public awareness and education campaign on climate change and NDC implementation;
  • Supported capacity development of the Climate Change Directorate on the integration of gender across key NDC sectors and instruments.


  • Strengthen the coordination mechanism for Monitoring, Reporting and Verification (MRV) and define the roles and responsibilities for each institution;
  • Identify gaps and improve data quality for refined tracking;
  • Support the development of gender responsive indicators for integration in national MRV systems.

Financing and Investments

  • Operationalize the Climate Change Fund, including a resource mobilization strategy for private sector engagement;
  • Roll out of training course on Climate Change Budget Coding and Climate Finance Tracking, targeting staff in Finance Departments in the national and county governments;
  • Enhance tracking and budgeting of climate finance

Building Blocks


The Climate Change Policy Framework, which was approved by the Cabinet on October 2016, will guide the country's low carbon resilient development.
Under the UNDP Low Emission Capacity Building (LECB) Programme, Kenya laid critical foundations for the development of a national greenhouse gas (GHG) inventory system, including the following:

  • Planning, Communication and Institutional Arrangements;
  • Data Collection, Documentation, Software Applications and Analysis Method;
  • Development, Review and Description of QA/QC Procedures and an Archiving System;
  • Key Category Analysis (KCA) and Uncertainty Assessment;
  • Development of National Inventory Improvement Plan (NIIP) an
  • Strengthening of National Capacities for Inventory Planning and Management.

The capacity developed through the LECB project contributed towards Kenya’s capacity to fulfill its reporting obligations to the UNFCCC by successfully submitting its Second National Communication. Building on this success, in 2014, UNDP Kenya and the Ministry of Environment and Natural Resources, with funding from the USAID, launched a project on low emissions and climate resilient development (LECRD) to support Kenya’s efforts to pursue long-term, transformative development and accelerate sustainable climate resilient, low emission economic growth.

Partner initiatives

NDC Support Programme in Kenya will be implemented jointly with the USAID-supported Low Emissions and Climate Resilient Development (LECRD) project with the overall goal to support the implementation of Kenya’s NDC. Existing strategic partnerships among various ministries, departments and agencies working with the UNDP and other stakeholders will be enhanced. The NDC Programme will serve as the lead coordinating agency in the NDC Partnership for Kenya.
At the global level, the Programme is engaged in a range of strategic partnerships including the, the IKI NDC Support Cluster, and the NDC Partnership.

Related information


The NDC financing strategy is guided by the National Policy on Climate Finance 2016 which was established, inter alia, to improve the ability to mobilize and effectively manage and track adequate and predictable climate change finance.

Posted on April 21, 2020


This Training Handbook on climate finance enhances transparency of the climate finance support needed and received through international and national sources with the objective to improve management and tracking of climate finance from public and private sources.

Posted on September 18, 2019


LECB Kenya focused on building capacity for the development of a national GHG inventory to enhance the process of national reporting, and on the preparation of NAMAs with associated NAMA monitoring, reporting and verification (MRV) systems, to attract funding and monitor implementation of mitigation activities.

Posted on July 30, 2019


The United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) amongst other development partners, is collaborating with the Ministry of Environment and Forestry (MEF) in supporting implementation of the Kenya’s Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC). Under its NDC, Kenya stated an overall goal to achieve a low carbon, climate resilient development pathway through the implementation of sectoral National Climate Change Action Plans, which includes sustainable waste management systems.

Posted on July 3, 2019


The framework seeks to strengthen private sector engagement in climate change actions and enhance ambitious national actions on climate change in Kenya.

Posted on June 29, 2019