Photo by Surtita Budiman | Unsplash



Project Funding

US $ 1,450,500

Start Date

January 2018

End Date

June 2021

Government Implementing Partner(s)

Ministry of Environment and Forestry


The objective of Kenya’s NDC is to lower greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions by 30% by 2030, despite the fact that Kenya contributes a mere 0.1% to the total global emissions. Towards this end, the NDC specifies adaptation and mitigation actions and responses.

Conditional NDC: 30% reduction relative to the business-as-usual (BAU) by 2030

Mitigation Sectors
Energy, agriculture, forestry, industry, transport, and waste

Adaptation Sectors
Water, agriculture, land use, forestry, energy, health, and infrastructure


Kenya’s updated NDC will revise sectoral elements of the NDC implementation roadmap; update the sectoral component of the National Climate Change Action Plans (NCCAP) to 2025 and 2030 to guide the Long-Term Strategy (LTS).

The new NDC will also implement NCCAP sector component work plans for adaptation and mitigation; revise resource allocation and mobilization; improve multi-level and inter-sectoral coordination; and strengthen institutional capacities at national and sub-national levels.

  • Kenya was represented as part of the CGE webinar series on synergies at national level in data collection for reporting under MRV/ETF, SDGs and other international instruments.


Integrated Governance and Gender-mainstreaming

  • Examine the legal, policy and institutional frameworks on climate change and gender, focusing on gender trends, structure of decision-making bodies, and gender diversity in participating institutions;
  • Develop guidelines on gender integration into NDC planning and implementation processes and reporting; and
  • Enhance knowledge and technical capacities to deliver gender-responsive climate change plans and actions.

Climate Finance

  • Develop an NDC financing strategy;
  • Create a training course on climate change budget coding and climate finance tracking;
  • Devise climate fund regulations, NDC financing strategy and private sector framework as required under the Climate Change Act 2016; and
  • Formulate a resource mobilization strategy to operationalize the Climate Fund.

Mitigation through Circular Economy Approaches

  • Map economy-wide material and energy flows, including related impacts to identify new and enhanced circular mitigation opportunities.
  • Private Sector Engagement
  • Develop business plans for circular economy, including policy and regulatory incentives to incentivize private sector investment;
  • Conduct regulatory due diligence for the waste sector to promote private sector engagement; and
  • Assess legal titles of GHG emission reductions and develop financial model for an Internationally Transferred Mitigation Outcomes (ITMO) projects with the Government of Switzerland.

Monitoring and Transparency

  • Define indicators for gender integration across NDC sectors for monitoring, reporting and verification (MRV);
  • Develop integrated, online monitoring, reporting and verification (MRV) tool for GHG inventory reporting, tracking of mitigation and adaptation actions, climate finance and SDG impacts; and
  • Improve carbon accounting methodologies for recycling activities.

Awareness and Education

  • Formulate national gender and intergenerational responsive public education and awareness strategy on climate change and implementation.


In Kenya, the NDC Support Programme links with other complementary projects. This includes components of the Low Emissions Climate Resilient Development (LECRD) project funded by the US Agency for International Development (USAID) through UNDP for the development of the climate change fund regulations; with the Capacity Building Initiative on Transparency (CBIT) and the Global NDC Implementation Partners (GNI+) Project; and with Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH for the enhancement of Kenya’s NDC. Collaboration also exists with the Kenya Private Sector Alliance (KEPSA), Kenya Association of Manufacturers (KAM) and Kenya National Chamber of Commerce and Industry (KNCCI) and other state and non-state actors. 


Augustine Kenduiwo
Climate Change Directorate


Geoffrey Omedo
UNDP Country Office | Kenya

Alexandra Soezer
UNDP | NDC Support Programme Global Support Unit

The latest

Kenya undertook an in-depth Gender Analysis to ensure that gender responsive actions are identified, planned, budgeted for and implemented as part of mainstreaming gender into Kenya’s NDC.

Posted on February 26, 2021

This report estimates the private sector investment potential for delivering NDC sectoral targets in Kenya’s energy sector.

Posted on December 1, 2020

CoP Chat Enhancing Transparency Frameworks: Kenya's Integrated Online MRV Tool Example

Posted on September 1, 2020

The objective of Kenya’s NDC is to lower greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions by 30% by 2030, despite the fact that Kenya contributes a mere 0.1% to the total global emissions. Towards this end, the NDC specifies adaptation and mitigation actions and responses.

Posted on August 19, 2020

The NDC financing strategy is guided by the National Policy on Climate Finance 2016 which was established, inter alia, to improve the ability to mobilize and effectively manage and track adequate and predictable climate change finance.

Posted on April 21, 2020

This Training Handbook on climate finance enhances transparency of the climate finance support needed and received through international and national sources with the objective to improve management and tracking of climate finance from public and private sources.

Posted on September 18, 2019

LECB Kenya focused on building capacity for the development of a national GHG inventory to enhance the process of national reporting, and on the preparation of NAMAs with associated NAMA monitoring, reporting and verification (MRV) systems, to attract funding and monitor implementation of mitigation activities.

Posted on July 30, 2019

The United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) amongst other development partners, is collaborating with the Ministry of Environment and Forestry (MEF) in supporting implementation of the Kenya’s Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC). Under its NDC, Kenya stated an overall goal to achieve a low carbon, climate resilient development pathway through the implementation of sectoral National Climate Change Action Plans, which includes sustainable waste management systems.

Posted on July 3, 2019

The framework seeks to strengthen private sector engagement in climate change actions and enhance ambitious national actions on climate change in Kenya.

Posted on June 29, 2019

In order to enhance coordination and synergy to support effective implementation of Kenya’s MRV+ system as envisioned in the first and second National Climate Change Actions Plans, the Ministry of Environment and Forestry with support from NDC support programme organised a technical workshop at the Gelian Hotel, Machakos from 10th to 13th July 2018.

Posted on June 18, 2019

Private sector finance and investments will be needed to achieve Kenya’s NDC goals. The country’s private sector is already contributing to climate change mitigation and adaptation efforts, however there is need for enhanced action and coordination to fully realize the potential of the sector in climate change response. The objective of the workshop was to develop a private sector engagement framework in the context of NDC and NCCAP implementation.

Posted on September 8, 2018