NDC Facts


15% unconditional > 45% conditional emission reduction against Business as Usual (BAU) by 2030


Energy, Transport, AFOLU, Waste, Industry


Agriculture, Disaster Risk Management (DRM), Health, LULUCF/Forestry, Social Development, Urban, Water


In progress


21 September 2016



Project information


USD 802,500


Q1 2018


Q1 2020


Integrated Governance, Transparency, Gender-responsive Sectoral Mitigation Actions, Private Sector






Ministry of Environment, Science, Technology and Innovation



Development facts

Context and Objectives

As a highly vulnerable country, Ghana has created a number of policy frameworks to enhance resilience and address climate change. Its national development agenda integrates climate change, providing the basis for action points in the subsequent 2012 National Climate Change Policy. Ghana’s commitment to a set of 31 adaptation and mitigation actions in the INDC further resonates with the development agenda, the anticipated 40-year socio-economic transformational plan and the Sustainable Development Goals.

The Programme will assist Ghana with the successful implementation of its Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) within the broader sustainable development context. Specifically, it will enhance Ghana’s technical and institutional capacities for public, private sector and social actors to scale up mitigation actions and gender-responsive NDC planning and implementation instruments. These dual aims will be achieved through strengthened climate governance, removal of barriers to the implementation of Low Emission Development Strategies (LEDS) and Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions (NAMA), and an improved investment environment that addresses barriers to public and private finance. 

Work areas

Integrated Governance for ambitious NDC outcomes

  • Develop sectoral Monitoring, Reporting and Verification (MRV) systems and incorporate climate indicators into industrial sector reporting.
  • Establish  centralized MRV processes.

Gender-responsive sectoral mitigation actions

  • Disaggregate economy-wide NDC mitigation targets into sectoral targets.
  • Formulate sectoral mitigation action plans that include gender-responsive measures and strategies.
  • Develop gender tools with indicators to track and report on gender-responsive mitigation measures.

Private Sector Engagement

  • In partnership with the New York Community Trust, develop and implement a climate finance certification system to certify climate finance experts and enhance the development of a robust pipeline of climate actions.


Building blocks

Ghana has developed a strong policy framework to support the implementation of the NDC and SDGs in an integrated manner. These include Ghana’s Shared Growth and Development Agenda I (2010-2014) and Agenda II (2014-2017), and its linkage to climate change through the 2012 National Climate Change Policy. The policy mandated the establishment of a national greenhouse gas (GHG) inventory system and the institutionalization of climate data collection to meet UNFCCC reporting requirements.

With support from the UNDP Low Emission Capacity Building (LECB) Programme, Ghana has developed a strong foundation to address their NDC needs. This foundation includes:

  • Ghana Climate Change Data Hub - a digital platform to track and report GHG emissions:
  • GHG inventory manuals for all sectors to provide guidance to data providers and stakeholders from the private and public sector and trainings of 930 stakeholders to use the manuals.
  • A country-wide, market-based energy NAMA to enable private sector participation from the onset.
  • A NAMA Investor Guide for the business community, developed in collaboration with the Private Enterprise Federation (PEF), has helped identify 55 potential NAMAs in 5 different sectors.
  • A NAMA Private Sector Platform comprising priority NDC sectors to create a dynamic conversation and potential partnerships.
  • A NDC Progress Aggregator designed to track the NDC implementation progress.

Partner initiatives

The Programme links closely with complementary projects to strengthen outputs and ensure a comprehensive response to government needs. In the case of Ghana, this includes close collaboration among ministries and across sectors and alignment of activities with national GIZ projects that are supporting additional mitigation actions as well as the GHG National Inventory System.

At the global level, the Programme is engaged in a range of strategic partnerships including the IKI NDC Support Cluster and NDC Partnership.

Related information


The report looks at how to incorporate climate change issues into the full Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) processes, as a practical way to ensure that development projects align with climate adaptation and mitigation measures.

Posted on April 20, 2020


This report serves as an input for the preparatory work Ghana would undertake in 2020 to update its NDC which was submitted in 2015.

Posted on March 17, 2020


This report is the culmination of a joint effort to evaluate the current state of Ghana’s MRV system and propose practical ways to institutionalise it in the energy and transport sectors.

Posted on March 17, 2020


Executive Summary outlining key findings and recommendations for Ghana's gender analysis in the energy and agriculture sector.

Posted on September 28, 2019


To address its climate vulnerability, Ghana has implemented various policy frameworks to enhance its climate resilience, and integrated climate change into its national development agenda, while strategically tapping into support from various development partners.

Posted on July 31, 2019