Democratic Republic of Congo

NDC Facts


17% conditional emission reduction below Business as Usual (BAU)  by 2030


Energy, Agriculture, LULUCF


Agriculture, Coastal Zone, LULUCF/Forestry, Social Development, Transport


To be developed under NDC Support Programme


13 December 2017



Project information


USD 802,500


Q2 2018


Q2 2020


NDC Implementation Plan, Monitoring and Transparency, Financing, Gender






Ministry of Environment and Sustainable Development (Sustainable Development Directorate)



Development facts

Context and Objectives

As one of the most fragile states and poorest countries in the world, the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) faces a number of challenges which it seeks to address through its climate targets and focus on the Sustainable Development Goals. For instance, only 9 % of the population consume an acceptable minimum diet (WFP); only 19% of the urban population and 1% of rural areas have access to electricity (USAID); and national private sector investments are consistently lower than 5% of GDP.

Furthermore, while gender parity is recognized by law in DRC, women's leadership and women's factors of production are poorly considered in the management and response to climate issues. Nevertheless, DRC has committed to reduce its greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions by 17% by 2030, focusing specifically on three sectors – energy, agriculture and LULUCF - which collectively produce nearly 98% of its GHG emissions.

The NDC Support Programme will work with the DRC to plan and implement its NDC in an inclusive and participatory manner, support transformational change for the Congolese society, the alignment of the SDGs and contribute to the goal of carbon neutral development by 2100. To do so the Programme will strengthen leadership through enhanced governance; enhance monitoring and reporting systems (MRV); mobilize private and public sectors for NDC investments; and strengthen women's leadership in climate action.

Work areas

The overall objective is to strengthen DRC’s capacities to implement its climate targets in the context of achieving its sustainable development goals (SDGs). Key work areas include:

NDC Implementation Plan

  • Create and strengthen the institutional framework for NDC implementation.
  • Develop a 2021-2025 NDC action plan and 2021-2030 NDC planning document
  • Establish a Communications and Awareness Strategy and awareness campaign launch.

Monitoring and Transparency

  • Establish a national Monitoring, Reporting and Verification RV system;
  • Develop a draft decree on institutional coordination and improve vertical coordination and data systems;
  • Support GHG Inventory inputs to a national MRV System;
  • Evaluate and improve accuracy of GHG data collection system.

Investment and Financing

  • Mobilize public and private sectors to increase investments, including: training in GHG emission baselines and alternative scenarios;
  • Promote at least four local initiatives as examples of good practices;
  • Identify legal, technological, institutional, investment barriers.

Gender equality activities

  • Conduct a gender assessment of NDC-related policies and strategies, identifying targeted political measures;
  • Support mainstreaming of gender concerns into climate action and policies.

Building blocks

The Programme will build on the national forest monitoring system which comprises a national forest inventory and a GHG inventory. The work will further be informed by the 2015-2020 national REDD+ Investment Plan, Sustainable Energy for All project, and REDD+ collaborative effort between the Central African Forest Initiative (CAFI), UN-REDD, the World Bank, and UNDP to address cross-sectoral forest loss issues. The Africa LEDS Project supported by EU and UNEP, has built capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies (LEDS) which facilitates long-term policy decision making regarding climate objectives and socio-economic development priorities

Important foundations created through the UNDP Low Emission Capacity Building (LECB) Programme include:

  • Technical input and guidance for the development of the INDC;
  • Establishment of a robust national GHG inventory system in collaboration with UN-REDD. This enabled the country to fulfill UNFCCC reporting requirements in terms of National Communications and allowed for the development of a national REDD+ policy and strategy;
  • Provided technical input for the formulation of a Sustainable Energy for All (SE4All) policy and a national agricultural investment program;
  • Created an institutional arrangement for the development of mitigation actions (NAMAs) and a Low Emission Development Strategy (LEDS), which both serve as tools for NDC implementation;
  • Prioritized mitigation actions for the following sectors: agriculture, energy, transport, waste, and construction.

Partner initiatives

The Programme will link with the forest monitoring system as well as the National Adaptation Programme of Action (NAPA), Forest Investment Program (FIP), Green Climate Fund (GCF) Readiness and Preparatory Support Programme, and 3rd National Communications project.  Close collaboration will also be pursued among ministries and sectors, as well as with Africa LEDS, UN-REDD, SEE4ALL and the World Bank on forestry.

At the global level, the Programme is engaged in a range of strategic partnerships including the IKI NDC Support Cluster and NDC Partnership.

Related information


The specific objectives of LECB in DRC were to define and validate NAMAs in the agriculture and energy sectors; to drive the integration of climate issues into the relevant sectoral strategies; and to support the development of a LEDS for the country.

Posted on July 30, 2019


Democratic Republic of Congo will advance implementation of its climate targets, as outlined in the NDC, through select activities including the development of on NDC Implementation Plan, enhancing monitoring and transparency, financing, and gender mainstreaming.

Posted on May 10, 2018