Photo by Eno Jonathan | UNDP



Project Funding

US $ 1,189,000

Start Date

October 2018

End Date

July 2021

Government Implementing Partner(s)

Federal Ministry of Environment


The objective of Nigeria’s first NDC is to support economic and social development, grow the economy by 5% per year, improve the standard of living and ensure electricity access for all.

Unconditional Target: 20% reduction from business-as-usual (BAU) by 2030.

Conditional Target: 45% reduction from BAU by 2030.

Mitigation Sectors

Energy, transport, agriculture and land use, and industry

Adaptation Sectors

Agriculture, coastal zones, disaster risk reduction, environment, and health


Nigeria’s updated NDC will emphasize adaptation priorities in the water sector and emissions reduction opportunities from nature-based solutions (NBS), with a focus on forestry. The NDC will be more gender sensitive, and account for the employment and social impacts of prioritised mitigation and adaptation measures. Nigeria has already started integrating current NDC targets in its 2021-2025 Economic and Recovery Growth Plan (EGRP).

The NDC Support Programme is directly contributing by:

  • Costing mitigation measures in the NDC sectoral action plans and mainstreaming into development plans;
  • Establishing a system to track progress of NDC sectoral plans;
  • Assessing social and employment impacts of NDC policies; and
  • Building broad stakeholder ownership of NDC design and implementation.

This work contributes to UNDP’s broader corporate initiative, the Climate Promise, which supports over 110 countries to submit enhanced NDCs. Through the Climate Promise, UNDP is also supporting expanded NDC coverage to other economic sectors and gases (i.e., forestry, NBS, short-lived climate pollutants), integration of gender considerations, and whole-of-society engagement.



Access to finance is considered the biggest barrier to NDC implementation in Nigeria, exacerbated by a lack of national capacities for costing and resource mobilization. In addition to NDC enhancement, the Programme is supporting the following:

Finance and Investment Mobilization

  • Prepare a financial strategy for the five sectors prioritized in the 2017 NDC Sectoral Action Plan to improve costing of investment needs, identify domestic gaps in funding and identify potential financial sources;
  • Train national actors in the public and private sector on formulating proposals for accessing climate finance; and
  • Provide training on the application of gender and social inclusion criteria to select and cost NDC priority measures.

Private Sector Engagement

  • Identify and promote NDC investment opportunities among project developers and investors, including targeting of female entrepreneurs and events during national business forums.

Monitoring and Transparency

  • Establish a database of current mitigation actions to track progress towards NDC targets. The database will be integrated in the future national monitoring, reporting and verification (MRV) system.

Awareness and Advocacy

  • Develop a communication strategy to raise awareness across whole of society about commitments in the NDC;
  • Target the Office of the Senior Advisor to the President on the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) to align the achievement of the SDGs and the NDC; and
  • Promote meaningful participation of youth in the design of climate change education manuals.


The Programme is responding to most of Nigeria’s requests for NDC2 support under the NDC Partnership’s Climate Action Enhancement Package (CAEP), working alongside the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH, UN Environment Programme (UNEP), the Islamic Development Bank, and 2050 Pathways. International Labor Organization (ILO) is partnering on the assessment of the employment and social impacts of the NDC2. Other strategic partners include the International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA), the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) and the African Development Bank (AfDB).


Yerima Peter Tarfa
Department of Climate Change
Federal Ministry of Environment

Muyiwa Odele
UNDP | Country Office Nigeria

Catherine Diam-Valla
UNDP | NDC Support Programme
Global Support Programme

The latest


As countries develop revised national climate pledges, they’re doing so in the context of multiple historic crises: climate change, rising inequality, and the health and economic impacts of COVID-19.…


In continuation of the Regional Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) Business Roundtables to sensitise and increase private sector participation, the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)…


The objective of Nigeria’s first NDC is to support economic and social development, grow the economy by 5% per year, improve the standard of living and ensure electricity access for all.


With the world at a halt, numerous economic shutdowns, and record unemployment rates due to the COVID-19 crisis, turning to nature seems like the most effective way to support life on earth and human…