GHANA

 

Photos by Adobe Stock.

 

PROJECT INFORMATION

Project Funding

US $ 3,070,500

Start Date

September 2017

End Date

December 2022

Government Implementing Partner(s)

Ministry of Environment, Science, Technology and Innovation (MESTI)

NDC KEY PARAMETERS

The objective of Ghana’ NDC is to reduce emissions by 15-45% below business-as-usual (BAU) and strengthen climate resilience in close alignment with its development priorities. In all, 20 mitigation and 11 adaptation actions in 7 priority economic sectors have been committed for implementation in the next 10-year period (2020-2030).

Unconditional NDC: 15% reduction below BAU by 2030

Conditional NDC: additional 30% below BAU by 2030


Mitigation Sectors
Energy, agriculture, industry, transport, waste, and forestry and other land use

Adaptation Sectors
Agriculture, forestry, water, disaster risk reduction, gender, environment, and health

ANTICIPATED UPDATES FOR NDC2

The objective of Ghana’s revised NDC is to ensure greater alignment with the national development objectives. Ghana intends to achieve greater ambition by strengthening implementation of the NDC; identifying robust adaptation actions; raising mitigation ambition; and ensuring transparency communication of the new NDC. In addition, Ghana is trying to accelerate implementation. The NDC update is thus mindful of emerging policy areas; missing or new climate technology solutions; inputs from sub-national and non-state actors; synergies and trade-offs with other sectoral and development objectives; buy-in from key stakeholders; and specific financing approaches.

The NDC Support Programme is directly contributing by:

  • Reviewing the progress and gaps of NDC implementation to inform 2020 NDC updates;
  • Evaluating policies to strengthen adaptation efforts, whilst taking gender into consideration;
  • Assessing potential revision of the NDC emission baseline and various mitigation enhancement options; and
  • Facilitating the development of the updated NDC and mobilizing high-level political buy-in for its implementation.

 

The work is being undertaken as part of UNDP’s broader corporate initiative, the Climate Promise, which supports over 110 countries to submit enhanced NDCs. Through the Climate Promise, UNDP will support Ghana to expand its NDC coverage to other economic sectors and enable a wider consultation process.

KEY PROJECT WORK AREAS


NDC Revision and Implementation

  • Break down NDC mitigation targets into sectoral targets with achievable actions and produce sectoral mitigation plans for energy and waste management;
  • Revise emission projections for energy and waste sectors to address energy emissions as well from the extractive industry;
  • Develop multi-sectoral and gender-responsive NDC implementation plans with accompanying climate finance strategies; and
  • Integrate gender equality considerations into existing planning and policy instruments and increase institutional capacities through training and coordination platforms.

 

Monitoring and Transparency

  • Develop monitoring, reporting and verification (MRV) system for the seven NDC priority sectors: energy, agriculture, industry, transport, waste, and forestry and other land use ;
  • Using the analysis which differentiates impacts of climate change on gender in the seven priority sectors, develop tools to track gender-responsive mitigation measures; and
  • Produce and implement guidance on integrating climate change considerations into environmental reporting for the industrial sector.

 

Climate Finance and Private Sector Engagement

  • Develop NDC implementation plan and generate NDC financing strategy to secure private and public finance;
  • Establish performance-based payment scheme to stimulate private sector investment in energy efficiency and facilitate matchmaking with private sector investors;
  • Develop business plans for technologies supported by the finance mechanism;
  • Conduct legal and regulatory due diligence to ensure compliance of finance mechanism structure with local and international rules;
  • In partnership with the New York Community Trust and the Council for Scientific and Industrial Research, create national climate finance certification system, produce training packages for resource mobilization and promote the development of a robust project pipeline;
  • Conduct private sector investment forum to share national best practices, success stories and highlight investment opportunities in Ghana;
  • Set up a Ghanaian-Swiss emissions trading project based on Internationally Transferred Mitigation Outcomes (ITMO) to implement national renewable energy programme.

COLLABORATION

The Programme links closely with complementary projects to strengthen outputs and ensure comprehensive responses to government needs. UNDP has facilitated Ghana’s collaboration with the Swiss government on ITMOs for sustainable energy - one of the first projects of this nature in Africa. Other partnerships include the Centre for Climate Strategies and New York Community Trust for developing standardized, aggregated and bankable products on climate action; the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH for the preparation of biennial update reports and related capacity building; and the Private Enterprise Federation (PEF) and the Council for Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) for training on public and private sector investments in the implementation of Ghana’s NDC.  

CONTACTS

Peter Dery
Ministry of Environment, Science, Technology and Innovation
peterjdery@yahoo.com

 

Stephen Sabunam Kansuk
UNDP Country Office | Ghana
Stephen.kansuk@undp.org

Alexandra Soezer
UNDP | NDC Support Programme
Global Support Unit
alexandra.soezer@undp.org

The latest

The Government of Ghana and Switzerland signed a bilateral agreement today, which brings the cooperative approaches of the Paris Agreement to life. The bilateral agreement sets the framework conditions for the cooperation.

Posted on November 23, 2020

This report estimates the private sector investment potential for delivering NDC sectoral targets for the energy sector in Ghana through assessments of the NDC targets, the enabling environment, the current market and Ghana’s investment potential. Its findings will allow for mapping private sector actors in the energy sector, one of the country’s NDC priority sectors.

Posted on October 22, 2020

Ghana's launch ceremony of enhanced NDC in spirit of its whole-of-society approach to climate action.

Posted on August 26, 2020

The objective of Ghana’ NDC is to reduce emissions by 15-45% below business-as-usual (BAU) and strengthen climate resilience in close alignment with its development priorities. In all, 20 mitigation and 11 adaptation actions in 7 priority economic sectors have been committed for implementation in the next 10-year period (2020-2030).

Posted on August 19, 2020

The report looks at how to incorporate climate change issues into the full Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) processes, as a practical way to ensure that development projects align with climate adaptation and mitigation measures.

Posted on April 20, 2020

With billions of people across the globe in lockdown to stem the flow of COVID-19, the world is in the midst of an acute public health crisis and the largest economic shock of a generation.

Posted on April 17, 2020

This report serves as an input for the preparatory work Ghana would undertake in 2020 to update its NDC which was submitted in 2015.

Posted on March 17, 2020

This report is the culmination of a joint effort to evaluate the current state of Ghana’s MRV system and propose practical ways to institutionalise it in the energy and transport sectors.

Posted on March 17, 2020

This webinar will share experiences on the collaboration between Switzerland and Ghana, that was recently formalised by the signing of an MoU which should culminate in a bilateral agreement being signed in 2020.

Posted on March 4, 2020

Executive Summary outlining key findings and recommendations for Ghana's gender analysis in the energy and agriculture sector.

Posted on September 28, 2019

To address its climate vulnerability, Ghana has implemented various policy frameworks to enhance its climate resilience, and integrated climate change into its national development agenda, while strategically tapping into support from various development partners.

Posted on July 31, 2019

Even before the LECB project began in 2013, government had focused on how to mainstream climate change into development planning at both local and national levels, and recognised the LECB project as a significant opportunity to support existing efforts to transition to low carbon development.

Posted on July 30, 2019

The “National MRV system Assessment report of Ghana” is to provide an assessment of how Ghana’s national MRV system operates, its gaps and efforts being made to addressed them. This report is an outcome of review of existing reports, policy documents and consultations with stakeholders.

Posted on July 3, 2019

Ghana is the first country that has completed a gender analysis for the implementation of the NDCs. This blog shares the findings and lessons learned from the gender analysis and also offers recommendations as for what the country should take into consideration in terms of integrating gender equality and women’s empowerment considerations for climate action.

Posted on April 23, 2019

Private sector investors from various industries pledged to support Ghana to implement the 31 climate actions contained in its Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC), developed in line with the Paris Agreement.

Posted on March 28, 2019

The blog outlines how Ghana will fund development projects through a carbon finance mechanism that is a central feature of a new clean energy programme.

Posted on February 25, 2019

2019 has clearly emerged as a critical year – perhaps an inflection point – as climate change has become “the defining issue of our time”, as the UN Secretary General António Guterres has said. A series of Regional Climate Weeks will kick-start converstations for the Summit in Africa, Latin Amercia and Asia Pacific.

Posted on February 4, 2019

The event, which will take place in March 2019, will focus on the outcome of COP24, including the Paris Work Programme, and support for governments and non-Party stakeholders to shift gears toward implementing ambitious climate action for a low-emission and climate-resilient future.

Posted on January 29, 2019

This Forum aims to catalyse private sector investment and financial as well as substantive support from all relevant stakeholders to help Ghana implement its climate commitments.

Posted on January 29, 2019

The webinar will highlight country experiences and lessons learned in strengthening governance frameworks for NDC implementation and tracking. It will focus in particular on how these frameworks are integrating sub-national governments and actors and how countries have overcome specific challenges.

Posted on January 15, 2019

One of the greatest challenges of an investor is that of information and comparison among investment opportunities. A new training programme for the public and private sector which was recently launched in Ghana, tries to remedy this situation.

Posted on January 7, 2019

In November 2018, the Center for Climate Strategies (CCS) conducted a 4-day interactive workshop in Ghana to launch a curriculum and training development program for Private Investment Mobilization (PIM) for Low Carbon Development (LCD) actions at scale.

Posted on November 29, 2018

The United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) has called for concerted efforts to consider the special needs, concerns, knowledge and experiences of both male and female in climate change adaptation and mitigation planning, and implementation.

Posted on October 31, 2018

Ghana recently introduced a corporate emissions reporting programme to better capture emissions from the electricity sector. The programme, which was led by Ghana’s Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and Energy Commission (EC) and developed with UNDP LECB’s support, trained mining and electricity production companies on carbon accounting techniques.

Posted on September 7, 2017

The Africa Regional Training Workshop on Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDCs), held in Entebbe, Uganda, was co-organised by UNDP and the International Partnership for Mitigation & MRV. It was held in collaboration with the UNFCCC Secretariat as part of the joint UNDP-UNFCCC INDC Regional Dialogues funded by a number of donors.

Posted on November 3, 2015

Regional Workshop on Private Sector Engagement for Low Emission Solutions in Africa and Arab States.

Posted on September 2, 2015

A Regional Dialogue on Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDCs) convened country representatives from the African region, developed countries, multilateral and bilateral agencies, regional organizations, and resource experts.

Posted on May 14, 2014