Photos by Adobe Stock.



Project Funding

US $ 3,070,500

Start Date

September 2017

End Date

December 2022

Government Implementing Partner(s)

Ministry of Environment, Science, Technology and Innovation (MESTI)


The objective of Ghana’ NDC is to reduce emissions by 15-45% below business-as-usual (BAU) and strengthen climate resilience in close alignment with its development priorities. In all, 20 mitigation and 11 adaptation actions in 7 priority economic sectors have been committed for implementation in the next 10-year period (2020-2030).

Unconditional NDC: 15% reduction below BAU by 2030

Conditional NDC: additional 30% below BAU by 2030

Mitigation Sectors
Energy, agriculture, industry, transport, waste, and forestry and other land use

Adaptation Sectors
Agriculture, forestry, water, disaster risk reduction, gender, environment, and health


The objective of Ghana’s revised NDC is to ensure greater alignment with the national development objectives. Ghana intends to achieve greater ambition by strengthening implementation of the NDC; identifying robust adaptation actions; raising mitigation ambition; and ensuring transparency communication of the new NDC. In addition, Ghana is trying to accelerate implementation. The NDC update is thus mindful of emerging policy areas; missing or new climate technology solutions; inputs from sub-national and non-state actors; synergies and trade-offs with other sectoral and development objectives; buy-in from key stakeholders; and specific financing approaches.

The NDC Support Programme is directly contributing by:

  • Reviewing the progress and gaps of NDC implementation to inform 2020 NDC updates;
  • Evaluating policies to strengthen adaptation efforts, whilst taking gender into consideration;
  • Assessing potential revision of the NDC emission baseline and various mitigation enhancement options; and
  • Facilitating the development of the updated NDC and mobilizing high-level political buy-in for its implementation.


The work is being undertaken as part of UNDP’s broader corporate initiative, the Climate Promise, which supports over 110 countries to submit enhanced NDCs. Through the Climate Promise, UNDP will support Ghana to expand its NDC coverage to other economic sectors and enable a wider consultation process.


NDC Revision and Implementation

  • Break down NDC mitigation targets into sectoral targets with achievable actions and produce sectoral mitigation plans for energy and waste management;
  • Revise emission projections for energy and waste sectors to address energy emissions as well from the extractive industry;
  • Develop multi-sectoral and gender-responsive NDC implementation plans with accompanying climate finance strategies; and
  • Integrate gender equality considerations into existing planning and policy instruments and increase institutional capacities through training and coordination platforms.


Monitoring and Transparency

  • Develop monitoring, reporting and verification (MRV) system for the seven NDC priority sectors: energy, agriculture, industry, transport, waste, and forestry and other land use ;
  • Using the analysis which differentiates impacts of climate change on gender in the seven priority sectors, develop tools to track gender-responsive mitigation measures; and
  • Produce and implement guidance on integrating climate change considerations into environmental reporting for the industrial sector.


Climate Finance and Private Sector Engagement

  • Develop NDC implementation plan and generate NDC financing strategy to secure private and public finance;
  • Establish performance-based payment scheme to stimulate private sector investment in energy efficiency and facilitate matchmaking with private sector investors;
  • Develop business plans for technologies supported by the finance mechanism;
  • Conduct legal and regulatory due diligence to ensure compliance of finance mechanism structure with local and international rules;
  • In partnership with the New York Community Trust and the Council for Scientific and Industrial Research, create national climate finance certification system, produce training packages for resource mobilization and promote the development of a robust project pipeline;
  • Conduct private sector investment forum to share national best practices, success stories and highlight investment opportunities in Ghana;
  • Set up a Ghanaian-Swiss emissions trading project based on Internationally Transferred Mitigation Outcomes (ITMO) to implement national renewable energy programme.


The Programme links closely with complementary projects to strengthen outputs and ensure comprehensive responses to government needs. UNDP has facilitated Ghana’s collaboration with the Swiss government on ITMOs for sustainable energy - one of the first projects of this nature in Africa. Other partnerships include the Centre for Climate Strategies and New York Community Trust for developing standardized, aggregated and bankable products on climate action; the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH for the preparation of biennial update reports and related capacity building; and the Private Enterprise Federation (PEF) and the Council for Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) for training on public and private sector investments in the implementation of Ghana’s NDC.  


Peter Dery
Ministry of Environment, Science, Technology and Innovation


Stephen Sabunam Kansuk
UNDP Country Office | Ghana

Alexandra Soezer
UNDP | NDC Support Programme
Global Support Unit

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