NDC Planning & Implementation

While NDCs provide the national collective vision for climate change-informed sustainable development, many countries have not yet assessed how to disaggregate their national targets to sectoral level to deliver on their ambitions. Governments are now looking to develop sectoral NDC roadmaps and Long-Term Climate Strategies that prioritize a set of climate actions.

Countries will refine their climate targets and develop a more concrete, long-term vision for reducing GHG emissions within a sustainable development context. Following an integrated approach, stakeholders examine linkages across sectors, including gender equality and development impacts, to generate transformative impact. Sectoral roles, responsibilities and implementation timelines will be agreed in an inclusive manner. Line ministries will be supported to engage with the private sector to develop and implement technically sound and financially viable NDC actions.

Objectives include:

  • Assessing sustainable development impacts of NDC actions to facilitate prioritization by policy makers as input for NDC Roadmaps.
  • Refining economy-wide NDC mitigation targets into sectoral targets and priority climate actions, including elaboration of gender-responsive implementation plans and associated financial resource mobilization strategies.
  • Designing and costing Long-term Climate Strategies as key tool for NDC achievement.
  • Addressing implementation barriers to prioritized NDC actions and promoting business case for investors.

Related information

Vanuatu launches solar mini-grid in two communities.

Posted on October 1, 2020

Peru's Ministry of Environment will launch its National Registry of Mitigation Measures on Tuesday, 22 September.

Posted on September 18, 2020

The off-grid island of Lelepa in the Republic of Vanuatu, located in the South Pacific Ocean, has just started trialing a modular energy solution called ‘Power Blox’. Power cubes with a modular design and grid-connectivity, much like blocks of Lego, allow for expansion and growth of the grid over time and at the pace needed by the rural community, while delivering all the other benefits that come with renewable energy, largely through improving livelihoods without damaging the environment.

Posted on December 3, 2019

Reducing methane emissions from gas flaring with power generation facilities that generate electricity from associated gas.

Posted on September 9, 2018

This project proposes a car fleet renewal system accompanied by a scrapping programme to introduce fuel-efficient cars in the market and dispose of old polluting cars in an environmentally sound way

Posted on July 9, 2018

The Government of Lao PDR and UNDP are working together to find solutions for provision of electricity to off-grid communities.

Posted on July 3, 2018

Technical Advisor Alexandra Soezer writes about her understanding of transformational development in the context of a rural electrification initiative in Lao PDR.

Posted on May 31, 2018

With UNDP support and GCF finance, Uruguay works toward sustainable cities, increasing integration, adaptation, and resilience to climate change.

Posted on May 31, 2018

In the beginning of May, we joined the Lao Ministry of Energy and Mines' Institute of Renewable Energy Promotion on a field mission to Khammouane province. The goal of the trip was to assess the possibilities for providing electric power to a few rural communities.

Posted on May 18, 2018

The Arab region is experiencing one of the most dramatic periods of change in its history - with an escalation of conflict, a dramatic rise in poverty, and the emergence of more than 20 million…

Posted on May 3, 2018

Our final destination is clear: we want a world without hunger, a world without inequalities, and a world without fear.

Posted on April 9, 2018

The objective of this report was to analyse the most cost-effective public derisking measures to promote private sector investment in large-scale wind energy and solar PV in Lebanon. The report sets out the results from a quantitative, investment-risk informed modelling analysis.

Posted on February 21, 2018

Circular economy strategies aim to promote the transformation of countries towards resource efficient societies. This requires a behavioral change of policy makers, large corporations and the civil society, each of us.

Posted on September 21, 2017

Lao PDR developed a vision of a circular future which combines economic development with safeguarding the country’s unique nature and culture. This requires a systems approach which looks beyond isolated challenges or attempts to optimise individual installations.

Posted on September 11, 2017

Trinidad recently completed an Implementation Plan for its National Climate Plan (NDC). The climate targets strive for a 15% emission reduction below BAU by 2030 in the country’s three highest emitting sectors, including an unconditional reduction in public transportation emissions by 30% by 2030.

Posted on August 8, 2017

Led by the Ministry of Local Affairs, Tunisia launched a national consultation process for the preparation of an NDC implementation roadmap on 04 and 05 July 2017 with the support of the United Nations Development Program.

Posted on August 3, 2017

The government of Vanuatu kicked-off new project activities to advance the implementation of its national climate plan or NDC,which aims at transitioning to close to 100% renewable energy in the electricity sector by 2030.

Posted on May 26, 2017

The government of Lao PDR has initiated first steps to implement a Rural Electrification NAMA which proposes to construct a small grid-connected hydroplant in one of Laos' largest conservation areas. The project, which builds on achievements from Laos’ INDC and NAMA design supported by UNDP, will further enhance access to energy and contribute to poverty alleviation by improving energy-dependent income generation opportunities.

Posted on May 26, 2017

The United Nations Development Program (UNDP), with funding support from the NAMA Facility, is structuring an Improved Institutional Cook Stove (IICS) Programme in Uganda.

Posted on May 21, 2017

This report, which was compiled by Ambition to Action, is the prologue to a series of update reports on NDC-related topics. The reports will be published twice a year, before international climate change meetings, to present analysis, opinion, and discussion pieces. Drawing on the Ambition to Action (A2A) project and input from a wide range of experts and practitioners, including UNDP, the reports aim to be a platform for learning, sharing insights, and discussing topics relevant to technical…

Posted on May 8, 2017

Uganda’s Green School NAMA, which supports the uptake of improved institutional cook stoves in Ugandan schools, is among 7 NAMAs that were granted conditional approval of financing for the detailed design of a NAMA by the NAMA Facility.

Posted on March 10, 2017

The Waste to Energy NAMA consists of two main activities to install and operate a landfill gas collection system, and its use for renewable electricity generation without reliance on fossil fuel. Annual emission reductions are estimated at 109,262 tonnes.

Posted on January 11, 2017

The objective of the NAMA is to convert all existing, non-LED lighting systems to LED-based systems in the street lighting, public buildings, and residential buildings sectors by 2030 to significantly reduce public and private expenditure on lighting.

Posted on December 16, 2016

The objective of the NAMA is to implement 40 small scale high efficiency cogeneration or combined heat and power (CHP) plants with a total capacity of 20MW at sites where heat loads exist during the whole year. 

Posted on December 6, 2016

Uganda is one of the world’s fastest growing countries in terms of population size. Around 20 million or 55% of the population is under the age of 18. Children attend day schools or boarding schools (depending on distance) who use primarily firewood to cook school meals and boil drinking water for the cafeteria. This has put immense pressure on forests surrounding urban and peri-urban areas.

Posted on November 18, 2016

In 2013, UNDP, the UNFCCC Secretariat and the UNEP DTU Partnership joined forces to produce a comprehensive Guide on formulating effective NAMAs.  

Posted on November 15, 2016

The report also provides an overview of progress to date on the integration of women’s empowerment and gender equality into national climate policy and action—particularly as countries begin implementation of their Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs).

Posted on November 14, 2016

Egypt needed to bring its diverse activities within the climate change mitigation area into a coherent framework. To facilitate a comprehensive approach, the Egyptian Government, developed a “strategic menu on mitigation” with high-potential for emission reductions and associated NAMA Information Notes (NINOs).

Posted on September 14, 2016

Waste management is a major challenge in Kenya, especially in Nairobi, the rapidly growing capital which produces around 2,400 tons of waste every day. Only 38 per cent is collected and less than 10 per cent recycled while the remaining 62 per cent is left on illegal dumpsites or is burned.

Posted on July 21, 2016

In Ghana, around 64% have access to electricity, but rising demand for electricity has led to power disruptions and the need for deliberate control its power supply system. More than 40% of the households use wood fuel as the dominant form of cooking fuel. Currently, inefficient and polluting cooking processes are deeply ingrained in Ghanaian culture.

Posted on June 21, 2016

With only 23% of the population with access to electricity, Kenya is committed to expanding access to energy for its growing population. Wood fuel has remained the most important source of energy, meeting over 70% of the country’s total energy consumption needs. This has put immense pressure on Kenya’s forests. The Constitution calls for efforts to increase tree cover to 10 per cent of Kenya’s total surface area.

Posted on May 13, 2016

The NAMA focuses on the introduction and adoption of electric buses instead of conventionally fueled buses in the planned Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) system on Galle Road in the Colombo Metropolitan Area (CMA).

Posted on March 30, 2016

In the Republic of Moldova, only about 11% of the country’s territory are covered by forests, which makes it one of the European countries with the lowest forest cover. Remaining forests are under high pressure due to illegal logging for commercial purposes and the dependence of rural communities on firewood for heating and cooking.

Posted on March 14, 2016

As an oil producing country, Ecuador meets its domestic energy demand primarily with oil while generating significant income from oil exports. This NAMA concept note is builds on the “Optimization of Power Generation and Energy Efficiency Program” (OGE & EE) of Petroamazonas - a unit of Ecuadoran state oil company Petroecuador.

Posted on December 1, 2015

Access to modern energy services is a prerequisite for sustainable development. Even though more than 70% of households have access to electricity, approximately 30% of the population remain dependent on fossil fuels for energy sources.

Posted on November 18, 2015

As with many Pacific Islands, Vanuatu faces a number of fuel challenges, the main one being that it continues to depend on imported fossil fuels. The constraints of the geography, with its population distributed over 65 islands and spread over more than 12,000 km2, makes this an expensive and laborious option. Diesel oil accounts for the largest share of fuel imports (63.3 per cent), with a volume of 33 million litres during 2012. Over 80 per cent of all electricity generated is from diesel…

Posted on September 15, 2015

As with many Pacific Islands, Vanuatu faces a number of fuel challenges, the main one being its high dependency on imported fossil fuels. The constraints of the geography, with its population distributed over 65 islands and spread over more than 12,000 km2, makes this an expensive and laborious option.

Posted on September 11, 2015

The main objective of the NAMA report is to further develop the Bus Rapid Transport (BRT) system in Jakarta in order to reduce traffic congestion, increase energy efficiency in transport, improve urban air quality, and reduce GHG emissions from urban transport. The NAMA includes three main components, notably the procurement of gas-fueled buses for the Transjakarta busway, construction of bus lanes, bus stops, and gas refueling stations.

Posted on August 1, 2015

In 2012, Bhutan launched its Carbon Neutral Strategy (CNS) as a follow-up to the carbon neutral commitments pledged by the government during the Climate Summit in Copenhagen in 2009.

Posted on March 5, 2015

To date, a number of global studies have looked at barriers that typically hinder transitions to low-carbon economies. While these have focused on technological and financial barriers, most developing countries also face significant political and institutional challenges to the introduction of low-carbon alternatives into their national development planning.

Posted on January 1, 2015

The important role of the private sector in the transition to low-emission development is well recognised. The aim of this study is to analyse experiences that countries participating in the LECB Programme have had in engaging the private sector and to provide some recommendations on how to do so in the future.

Posted on January 1, 2015

Charcoal is one of the main sources of domestic energy in Ghana. Around 80% of the rural population is dependent on wood fuel as their primary source of fuel, while charcoal is the primary source of fuel for more than 50% of the population living in urban areas. Given the projected growth of the urban population in Ghana, charcoal use in the short and medium term, will continue to be an important source of household energy for cooking particularly in urban areas of the country.

Posted on October 21, 2014

The Global Good Practice Analysis is a joint initiative by the International Partnership on Mitigation and MRV (now Partnership on Transparency) and the UNDP Low Emission Capacity Building Programme.

Posted on May 8, 2014