Focal area

The Programme encourages countries to strategically use their NDCs as a tool for realizing zero-carbon and climate-resilient development that is sustainable and fully inclusive. Countries are choosing from the following areas of support:

Inclusive Leadership & Advocacy

Many governments used a broad consultative process as a mechanism for elevating the issue of climate change to the highest political levels during the design of their climate commitments. Strong leadership is now required to leverage support for NDC implementation at scale and to maximize contribution to the country’s development objectives.

Finance & Investment

The transformational impact of NDC implementation requires enormous new investment as well as shifts in existing finance flows to create a long-term, stable investment environment. De-risking frameworks are needed for market-transformative initiatives and the business case must be demonstrated for zero-carbon, climate-resilient investments.

NDC Planning & Implementation

While climate targets provide the national collective vision for climate-informed development, many countries have not yet assessed how to disaggregate national targets to sectoral level to deliver on their mitigation ambitions. Countries need to define achievable, sectoral climate targets and a long-term vision (long-term strategy) for reducing GHG emissions in line with respective development objectives.

Integrated Governance

The cross-cutting nature of climate change, development and NDC implementation requires an integrated, systemic response and thus inclusion of a broad range of stakeholders.  Robust institutional frameworks are required to drive a whole-of-government approach to implement, track and report progress towards the climate change and sustainable development targets.


Countries need support to strengthen their MRV capacity and national data-sharing mechanisms to better analyse and communicate progress against NDC targets and mitigation actions, including NAMAs and LEDS, in a systematic and efficient manner. Improved systems can also support improved tracking of SDG targets and inform policy planning. 

Cross-cutting: Gender

The direct impact of climate change and associated response measures on women requires gender-responsive planning and implementation of climate solutions to secure sustainability of development achievements. Policies and institutional frameworks, financing and tracking of NDC implementation need to integrate gender considerations.

Cross-cutting: Private Sector Engagement  

The engagement of private entities throughout the NDC process – from design to implementation – is critical to ensure that incentives for the private sector are aligned with a country’s sustainable development vision. New platforms need to be created through which the public and private sector can work in a trusting, collaborative manner and create conditions for competitive, market-based solutions.