This document is dedicated to supporting countries in implementing their NDCs. It is informed by technical assistance that the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) and the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) have been providing to a number of developing countries on their national processes for implementing NDCs.

This document walks countries through the choices they will face in developing implementation strategies, laid out in five general steps detailed in turn in Chapters 2 through 6: aligning climate and development objectives, though integrated implementation of the NDCs and SDGs; preparing for NDC implementation; developing a finance strategy, monitoring and reporting NDC progress and achievement; and revising strategies and preparing for subsequent NDCs. Readers may choose to read this document sequentially or focus on specific chapters, based on their needs.