Moldova: Afforestation of Degraded Land, Riverside Areas and Protection Belts in the Republic of Moldova
In the Republic of Moldova, only about 11% of the country’s territory are covered by forests, which makes it one of the European countries with the lowest forest cover. Remaining forests are under high pressure due to illegal logging for commercial purposes and the dependence of rural communities on firewood for heating and cooking.
Rural reliance on firewood is prevalent because with an average monthly income of € 80€, many households cannot afford the regular use of electricity or gas. Moreover, many households rely on illegally harvested firewood which is cheaper than firewood from legal sources. Deforestation and degradation of forests and protection forests belts contribute to land degradation in many regions of Moldova. Over the last decades, land affected by soil erosion amounts to one-fourth of the country’s total territory or 40% of the agricultural land.
The NAMA has the objective to reverse the trend of forest and land degradation and to enhance carbon sequestration by afforesting degraded, unproductive land and by establishing riparian forest belts and protection forest belts in agricultural systems. This will increase soil productivity. Moreover, the NAMA seeks to strengthen capacities of local communities to sustainably manage their forests and pastures and to engage in the development of forest-based small and medium enterprises (SME).
The NAMA was developed by the Climate Change Office, Ministry of Environment and the UNDP Low Emission Capacity Building (LECB) Programme with the generous support from the European Union, the German Environment Ministry (BMUB), and the Government of Australia.
- Europe & CIS
- Climate Finance
- Climate Change
- Local Economic Development