Waste management is a major challenge in Kenya, especially in Nairobi, the rapidly growing capital which produces around 2,400 tons of waste every day. Only 38 per cent is collected and less than 10 per cent recycled while the remaining 62 per cent is left on illegal dumpsites or is burned.

This is particularly the case for residents living in low-income areas, 2.5 million people, who cannot afford waste collection services. Uncollected waste causes severe health and environmental problems, and represents a missed opportunity from a development and economic perspective.

The NAMA targets this missed opportunity by promoting an alternative to the existing waste value chain. Instead of waste being collected for disposal only, the NAMA facilitates the diversion of at least 90 per cent of collected waste away from disposal sites and towards various recycling practices. The NAMA creates multiple links currently missing in the value chain: recycling points, where waste will be sorted for subsequent recycling; and composting facilities, for the organic waste treatment. The NAMA will also research and operationalize new recycling technologies and strengthen existing recycling industries.

Successful pilot models have already been tested by small and medium sized companies in Nairobi.

The report was developed by Kenya’s Ministry of Environment and Natural Resources  and the UNDP Low Emission Capacity Building (LECB) Programme with the generous support from the European Union and the German Environment Ministry (BMUB), and the Government of Australia.


  • SDGs
  • NAMA
  • Kenya
  • Africa
  • Urban
  • Waste
  • Mitigation
  • Climate Change
  • Local Economic Development