With only 23% of the population with access to electricity, Kenya is committed to expanding access to energy for its growing population. Wood fuel has remained the most important source of energy, meeting over 70% of the country’s total energy consumption needs. This has put immense pressure on Kenya’s forests. The Constitution calls for efforts to increase tree cover to 10 per cent of Kenya’s total surface area.

Clean energy for lighting and cooking offers a unique opportunity to accelerate access to electricity through small-scale, off-grid and stand-alone projects, often with simple and cost-effective solutions. Additionally, clean energy provides income-generating opportunities to the local population. Financing, whether in terms of high up-front costs or lack of access to credit, remains one of the most significant challenges for renewable energy, particularly off-grid renewable energy.

The Clean Energy NAMA introduces an innovative market based approach through private sector participation for the manufacture and distribution of 1 million units of solar PV-based lanterns and improved cook stoves. Energy Productivity Zones will provide infrastructure and support services for the private sector to invest in clean energy technologies on a for-profit basis. Financing shall be made available through a combination of international grants and loans in addition to contributions (financial and in-kind) by the country.

The NAMA was developed by Kenya’s Ministry of Environment and Natural Resources  and the UNDP Low Emission Capacity Building (LECB) Programme with the generous support from the European Union, the German Environment Ministry (BMUB), and the Government of Australia.


  • SDGs
  • NAMA
  • Kenya
  • Africa
  • Solar
  • Energy
  • Mitigation
  • Renewables
  • Climate Change
  • Local Economic Development