The main objective of the NAMA report is to further develop the Bus Rapid Transport (BRT) system in Jakarta in order to reduce traffic congestion, increase energy efficiency in transport, improve urban air quality, and reduce GHG emissions from urban transport. The NAMA includes three main components, notably the procurement of gas-fueled buses for the Transjakarta busway, construction of bus lanes, bus stops, and gas refueling stations.

Greater Jakarta is a large-scale metropolitan area with a population of 21 million people. It comprises Jakarta, the capital city of Indonesia and center of politics, economy and social activities, and seven local governments in the surrounding area. Traffic congestion is a chronic problem faced in the region. At present, the economic loss caused by traffic congestion in the region is estimated as much as USD 68 million per year and this estimate excludes the impacts of traffic congestion and pollution on human health.

The Transjakarta BRT was launched in 2004 to provide a way for Jakarta’s citizens to get through the city’s notorious congestion and to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. The environmental objective of this project has been to reduce GHG emissions from urban transportation by improving a BRT system and its related facilities. The NAMA is to maximize the effectiveness of Jakarta’s BRT system and use it as a catalyst for urban transport reform in Jakarta and other key Indonesian cities.

This NAMA report was developed by the Indonesian Ministry of Transport and the UNDP Low Emission Capacity Building (LECB) Programme with the generous support from the European Union, the German Environment Ministry (BMUB), and the Government of Australia.

This NAMA report was developed by the Indonesian Ministry of Transport and the UNDP Low Emission Capacity Building (LECB) Programme with the generous support from the European Union, the German Environment Ministry (BMUB), and the Government of Australia.


  • SDGs
  • NAMA
  • LECB
  • Urban
  • Mitigation
  • Indonesia
  • Transport
  • Asia Pacific
  • Climate Change