Vanuatu is a Small Island Developing State (SIDS) and like many other Pacific island nations it is one of the least developed and most climate-vulnerable countries in the world. Vanuatu faces unprecedented risk to the future social and economic security of its citizens. Nevertheless, Vanuatu is keen to meet its development priorities, while at the same time ensuring that climate change mitigation and adaptation strategies are incorporated in its policies and programmes. To support this vision, the government, in close collaboration with the INDC Project, facilitated Vanuatu’s national capacities to prepare and communicate its INDC to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), and implement it.