Owing to its importance, MRV has moved to the centre stage of the Paris Agreement, thus enhancing the requirements that exist already under the UNFCCC. Within the Paris Agreement, parties are required to regularly provide a national inventory report of anthropogenic emissions by sources and removals by sinks of GHGs, as well as information necessary to track progress made in implementing and achieving its Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs). Under the Articles 12 and 4 of the UNFCC, Ghana is required to develop, publish and regularly update national communication, including the national emission inventory every 4 years (including the GHG inventory) and submit Biennial Update Reports (BURs) every 2 years. The “National MRV system Assessment report of Ghana” is to provide an assessment of how Ghana’s national MRV system operates, its gaps and efforts being made to addressed them. This report is an outcome of review of existing reports, policy documents and consultations with stakeholders.