By ensuring that circular economy approaches are part of countries’ Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) - we can harness the huge potential that more efficient and cleaner use of resources has to deliver greenhouse gas (GHG) emission reductions and additional benefits that efficiency and circularity provide. These benefits can include creating new jobs at local and national levels by linking production more closely with consumption, expanding recycling, refurbishment and re-manufacturing and creating new enterprises based on recovered waste streams.

This joint UNEP - UNDP report provides guidance on how to incorporate circular economy approaches into NDCs and related policies and measures.