The United Nations Development Program (UNDP), with funding support from the NAMA Facility, is structuring an Improved Institutional Cook Stove (IICS) Programme in Uganda. The financial approach combines a post-Kyoto, carbon market approach with a rigorous monitoring and reporting framework based on the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM). The programme is set to benefit more than 18,000 schools in Uganda with the overall goal to save wood fuel, reduce afforestation and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions.
The Programme financial mechanism with funding of EUR 13,500,000 will be administered by the Uganda Energy Credit Capitalisation Company (UECCC). A portion of the funding will be used by UECCC to buy and cancel Certified Emission Reductions (CERs) of CDM projects and/or Programme of Activities (PoAs) providing services to schools in the purchase, installation and maintenance of IICSs. Through the Programme, UECCC will as act as CER off-taker for a period of 5 years and cancel the CERs in the UNFCCC cancellation account.
To ensure that the Programme is environmentally sound, Uganda will apply a rigorous Measurement, Reporting and Verification (MRV) framework. All project proponents participating in the Green School NAMA will apply the UNFCCC approved Standardized Baseline ABS0016 for Institutional Cook Stoves in Uganda. This Standardized Baseline applies four UNFCCC approved default values to ensure that MRV procedures remain simple but consistent across the Programme, which allows for easy tracking of emission reduction.
Validation, verification and issuance of emission reductions will be conducted by UNFCCC accredited Designated Operational Entities (DOE) and by the UNFCCC. Such a high degree of transparency increases consistency and comparability of NDC accounting. Rigorous ex-post verification of the emission reductions ensures that the expected GHG emission reductions were indeed achieved. This is typically not the case in standard Monitoring and Evaluation frameworks and explains why carbon standards contribute directly to improved transparency and accuracy of national NDC reporting. The utilization of the CDM MRV framework increases transparency and accountability considerably, which in turn enhances an investment friendly environment.
All payments are results-based, as UECCC will pay for the CERs generated by the Programme after proof of cancellation on the publicly accessible CDM registry, which is operated by the UNFCCC Secretariat. The Programme will play a critical role increasing cost and resource efficiency of cook stoves and in supporting the government’s Clean Cooking Policy for schools that requires each school to provide one meal per day. The Green School NAMA has been developed with support by UNDP, with the generous funding of the European Union and the German Federal Ministry of Environment (BMU).